Associate Professor Surya Bhattarai Agriculture, Science and the Environment
Agriculture, Science & the Environment / School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences

Senior Research Fellow/Associate Professor

BAgrSc (1990) TU Nepal; MScAg (1995) Uni Essex UK; PhD (2005), CQUniversity, Australia

Contact Details

Email: s.bhattarai@cqu.edu.au

Phone: (07) 4923 2140 - Ext: 52140

Office Location

Room G.38

Building 361, CQIRP, CQUniversity

Ibis Avenue, Rockhampton, QLD 4702, Australia

About Me

Dr Surya Bhattarai, an agricultural scientist and CQU research fellow, has strong farming, agri- business, research and teaching background. Surya took up CQU research/academic position since 2006 after completing his PhD in 2005 from CQUniversity Australia. His position and program are largely funded through industry collaboration and engaged research with primary industries both in Australia and overseas. Prior to joining CQU, he was a Lecturer in Department of Horticulture, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS), Tribhuwon University (TU), Nepal. He brings valuable experience of participatory research and development from his 15 years of work experience with DFID UK government funded agriculture research and development program in Nepal. Surya is an experienced crop physiologist with extensive experience of horticultural and broad- acre crops. His research focus on improving crop water productivity through integration of smart irrigation, smart crop and smart fertilizer techniques. His research expertise on Oxygtion (use of aerated water for irrigation), is a lead research area, which attracts significant domestic and international collaboration for research and application by irrigation industries. Surya’s interests on interdisciplinary (e.g. bio-engineering) and multidisciplinary research (crop water management, soil fertility, soil health, environmental agriculture health crops), brings research projects and researchers together from within and outside the CQU, on projects focused on developing solutions for complex problems. Oxygation, green chicken, dry land rice and health crops are some of the examples of applied multidisciplinary research developing industry oriented outcomes. Surya in the team is continuously building postgraduate cohorts in these thematic areas, supported by improved collaboration, stakeholders’ engagement and industry participation in R&D consistent to vision and mission of CQU Ag resources group.
Background
Surya has previous experiences on agriculture research, extension, teaching, and agri-business development. His work in different continents and culture brings significant strenght in his ressearch team. Surya brings wealth of practical, academic and industry experience in teaching and research in Agriculture. His down to earth approach on sustainable agriculture through inter-disciplinary and multidisciplinary research in agronomy makes real difference in the students learning and impacts to the collaborating industries.
Universities Studied At
Ph.D., Agronomy, 2005: Central Queensland University, Australia. M. Sc., Crop Physiology, 1994: University of Essex, UK. B. Sc., Agriculture, 1990: Tribhuwon University, Nepal.
Universities Worked At
− Kassetsart University in collaboration with Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, 1992-1993, Crop Stress Physiology Research. Tribhuwon University Nepal, Department of Horticulture, Undergradaute and postgradatue teaching and research in Horticulture. CQUnversity Australia. 2005-2016, undergardatue teaching and applied agricutural researhc
Awards

·  CQUniversity Australia Vice-Chancellor Award for Excellence in Research-mid career (2012)

·  CQUniversity Aus Opal Award for Excellence in Research Innovation and Engagement (2010)

·  Listed in “Expert Guide “ –list of Australian Agricultural Experts (2005- to date)

·  Fellowship: DEEWR Australia Endeavour Research Fellowship, AVRDC Taiwan (2007-2008)

·  Fellowship: University Postgraduate Research Award for PhD, CQU Australia (2001-2004)

·  Fellowship: British Council fellowship for Masters in Ag Science, Essex UK (1994-1995)

·  Fellowship: DFID  fellowship for Advanced Vegetable R&D from AVRDC, Kasetsart University, Thailand (1992 – 1993)

·  Fellowship: DFID fellowship for undergraduate studies in Agriculture TU Nepal (1987 – 1990)

Media Citations

Editoring openion articles for organic transformation in Nepal 
24 atricles to be publsihed in "The Kathmandu Post" on fortnightly basis on the various issues on organice agriculture for Nepal.

Apperance on TV for diffrent research progarm: 
Oxygation
Dry land rice 


Radio interview:  
4 times on radio interview for oxygation, rice, green chicken, and industrial hemp 

Write up in the industry magazine (Good Fruits and Vegetables, Spot light for cotton)

Previous teaching

Plants and Environment (BOTN 10032), undergraduate/postgradaute studies in CQUniveristy as a teachig lecturer, 2005-2013

Physiology of Horticultural Crops (BSc Ag, undergraduate course in TU Nepal, 1998-2001)

Commercial Vegetable Production (BSc Ag, undergraduate course in TU Nepal, 1998-2001)


Advanced pomology (MSc Ag, postgraduate course in TU Nepal, 1998-2001)

Research methodology for horticultural crops (MSc Ag, postgraduate course in TU Nepal, 1998-2001)

Professional Experience
Research fellow, 2012 to date-CQUniversity, Post doctoral.senior post doctoral research fellow, CQ univeristy, 2005-2012, Lecturer, 1997-2001, Tribhuwon University, Nepal 1995-1997, team leader, commericial vegetable research Program, Lumel Ag Researhc Centre, Nepal
Professional Memberships
  • Australian Society of Horticultural Science (ASHS)
  • International Society of Horticultural Science (ISHS)
  • American Society of Agronomy (ASA)
  • Nepal Horticulture Society (NHS) 
  • Nepal Society of Agricultural Scientist (NSAS)
Responsibilities

Teaching courses of Plants and Environment (BIOL 13002)

Coordinator of Plant Eco-physiology Laboratory

Coordinator for Oxygation research project activities

Supervision/co-supervision of postgraduate students

Supervision of postdoctoral researech fellows 

Coordination of drought tolerance screeing research

Support to postgraduates on statistical analysis of data using GENSTAT

Engaged in interdisciplinary research and developing links between research centres

Active involvement of postgraduate research with industries

Fostering international collaborations in research and postgraduate studies 

Instrumentation support to postgraduate and research

Professional Interests
  • Horticulture
  • Crop stress physiology, environmental physiology, and abiotic stress 
  • Irrigation research and water use efficiency
  • Erosion control and revegetation
  • Sustainble crop production
  • Sustainable soil, water, and natural resource managment
Key Achievements

Market oriented research on hotriculture

Engagment of industry

Oxygation research and development

Coordianted approach and linkage

Interanational colloborations

Computer Software

Genstat 17 for Agriculture Research Data Anslysis

Sigmaplot 12 for Graphical applicaiton 

Industry Reports

Bhattarai S, Midmore, D & Dhungel J 2011, Aeration of irrigation water for improvements in pineapple crop health and yield, research report, Horticulture Australia Ltd., NSW.

Editor


Journal of Agricultural Science, JAS, published from Canada, Member of the Editorial Borad- since 2012 

Invited reviewers for Journal of Agricultural Water Management, Irrigation Science, Irrigation and Drainage Science

Consultancy Work

Bhattarai, S. P. and Subedi, P. P. (1997). Production and marketing constraints for ginger and potato, in income generation sub-project areas of Kaski and Parbat districts of HMG/JICA: Community Development and Forest/Watershed Conservation Project, Pokhara, Nepal. A rapid marketing and production appraisal. Consultancy report prepared for JICA, Nepal.

'In Press' Publications

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Poster Papers/ Published Research Summaries

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Bhattarai S. P., and Midmore, D. J. (2012). Dynamic drip irrigation for improving water use efficiency of macadamia industry in Central Queensland, Australia. Poster presented in  6th International Macadamia Symposium,  Sofitel Brisbane Central, Brisbane, QLD Australia, 18-20 September 2012

Sharma, A. and Bhattarai, S.P. (2011). Integration of surgical and eye camp with home gardening interventions to improve eye health in mountain village of Nepal. Poster presented in the 26th Asia Pacific Academy of Ophthalmology Congress, APAO Sydney, 20 – 24 March 2011.  http://www.oculist.net/database/archive/abstracts/P228.html

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. J. (2010). Effect of emitter depth and oxygation on growth and development of young fig tree. Poster presented in the 28th International Horticultural Congress, held on 22-27 August 2010 at Lisboa, Portugal.

Bhattarai, S. P., Midmore, D. J. and Brown P. (2010). Unveiling why oxygation is promising for horticultural irrigation. Poster presented in the 28th International Horticultural Congress, held on 22-27 August 2010 at Lisboa, Portugal.

Torabi, M., Midmore, D. J., Walsh, K.B. and Bhattarai, S. P. (2010). Response of four vegetable species to oxygation in a pot experiment in screen house. Poster presented in the 28th International Horticultural Congress, held on 22-27 August 2010 at Lisboa, Portugal.

Bhattarai S. P., de la Peña R. C., Midmore D. J. and Palchamy K. (2008). Rapid Generation Advancement in Tomato. Poster presented in the Sixth International Symposium on In Vitro Culture and Horticultural Breeding. 2020 Vision for in vitro horticultural breeding. 24-28 August 2008 Brisbane, Queensland, AUSTRALIA.

Dhungel, J. K., Midmore, D. J., Walsh, K., Bhattarai, S. P. and Pendergast, L. (2008). Oxygation in sub-surface drip irrigated cotton grown on different types of soil. Poster presented in the 14th Australian Cotton Conference 12 - 14 August, 2008 Gold Coast Convention and Exhibition Centre, Broadbeach Qld, Australia.

Torabi, M., Midmore, D. J., Bhattarai, S. P., Tait, L., Walsh, K. B. and Dhungel, J. K. (2008). Exploring factors influencing distribution of air-bubbles along irrigation lines in an open oxygation system.  Poster presented in the National and Trans-Tasman Horticultural Science Conference, ‘Smart Science for Innovative Horticultural Enterprises’, 21 - 23 July 2008, Gold Coast International Hotel, Surfers Paradise, QLD Australia.

Midmore, D. J., Bhattarai, S. P. and Su, N. (2006). Application of multigation to horticultural crops. Poster presented in the 27th international horticultural congress and exhibition held on 13-19 August 2006 at Seoul, South Korea.

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. J. (2004). Carbon isotope discrimination and related water use efficiencies by tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) at different soil moisture regimes. Poster presented in 4th international conference on applications of stable isotope techniques to ecological studies, 19-23 April 2004, Wellington, New Zealand.

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. J. (2004). Soil moisture stress influence on quality, yield and bloosm end rot of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) in heavy clay soil. Poster presented in the joint regional horticulture conference, harnessing the potential of horticulture in the Asia-Pacific region, 1-3 September 2004, Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia. 

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. J. (2004). Oxygation of rhizosphere with subsurface aerated irrigation water improves lint yield and performance of cotton on saline heavy clay soil. Poster presented in 4th international crop science conference, 19 September – 1 October 2004, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Pendergast, L., Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. J. (2003). Root zone oxygation: enhanced salinity tolerance. Poster presented in the 9th PUR$L conference held on 29th September – 2nd October 2003 at Yeppoon, QLD, Australia. 

Bhattarai, S. P, McHugh, J, Lotz, G. and Midmore, D. J. (2003). Physiological response of the cotton crop subjected to different water regimes in subsurface drip irrigation system on heavy clay soil at Emerald, central Queensland, Australia. Poster presented in 11th Australian Agronomy conference, 6-8 February 2003 at Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Bhattarai, S. P. (1995). Chlorophyll thylakoid development in chill induced depression of photosynthesis in maize (Zea mays L.). Poster presented in the 5th Photosynthesis congress, Montpellier, France, 10 – 15 August 1995.

 

Theses

PhD: The physiology of water use efficiency of crops subjected to subsurface drip irrigation, oxygation and salinity in a heavy clay soil. PhD Thesis, 2005, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia

 

MSc: Evaluation of the role of chlorophyll thylakoid development in chill induced depression of corn photosynthesis during early growing season. M.Sc. Thesis, 1995, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom.

Published in: 2005
Papers in Refereed Proceedings

Midmore, D. J., Bhattarai, S. P, Prendergast, L. and Torabi, M. (2007). Oxygation: aeration of subsurface drip irrigation water and its advantages for crop production. Proceedings of the ANCID conference 2007. http://www.ancid.org.au/publish/cat50/ANCID-conference_2007.php

Gyasi-Agyei, Y., Fox, J., Bhattarai S. P., McSweeney, T, and Nissen, D. (2007). Advances in steep slope (batter) erosion control. In Proceedings of International Conference on Adaptive Science and Technology. 10-12 December, 161-168, Accra, Ghana. https://www.conftool.net/icast07/

Bhattarai S. P. and Midmore, D. J. (2006).  Oxygation offers opportunities for increasing WUE and yield of Horticultural Crops.  Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on irrigation of Horticultural crops held on 28 August - 3 September 2006 at Mildura, Victoria, Australia. Pp27.

Bhattarai, S.P. and Midmore, D. J. (2005). Influence of soil moisture on yield and quality of tomato on a heavy clay soil. Acta Horticulturae, 694: 451-454. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Harnessing the Potential of Horticulture in the Asian-Pacific Region, 1-3 September 2004, Coolum, Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia. ISHS

Gyasi-Agyei, Y., Bhattarai, S. P., Fox, J. and Nissen, D. (2005). Simultaneous multi-site railway embankment steep slopes (batters) erosion control for a new spur line. Paper presented in the 8th International Conference and Exhibition of Railway Engineering, University of Westminster, London, UK, June 29-30, 2005.In proceedings, The Eighth International Railway Engineering Conference, London, UK, 29-30 June.

Ashwath, N., Panghas, N., Bhattarai, S., Venkatraman, K., Phillips, I., Yates, R., and Dunglison, C. (2005). Phytocapping of landfill sites: A case study from Rockhampton, Australia. Paper presented in the First International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, January 23-26, 2005.

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. J. (2004). Oxygation of rhizosphere with subsurface aerated irrigation water improves lint yield and performance of cotton on saline heavy clay soil. Paper presented in 4th international crop science conference, 19 September -1 October 2004 at Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. http://www.cropscience.org.au/icsc2004/poster/3/6/2/665_Bhattarai.htm

Bhattarai, S.P., McHugh, J, Lotz, G. and Midmore, D. J. (2003). Physiological response of the cotton crop subjected to different water regimes in subsurface drip irrigation system on heavy clay soil at Emerald, central Queensland, Australia. Paper presented in 11th Australian Agronomy conference held on 6-8 February 2003 at Geelong, Victoria, Australia. http://www.regional.org.au/au/asa/2003/p/4/bhattarai.htm

Subedi, P. P. and Bhattarai S. P. (1998). Effect of maturity stages and anti-fungal treatments on post-harvest self-life and quality of mandarins stored in a cellar store. Paper presented on International Conference on Integrated Plant Disease Management for Sustainable Agriculture held from 11-15 November 1997, New Delhi, India. Proceedings/edited by D.K. Mitra. New Delhi, Indian Phytopathological Society, 2000, 2 Vols. 1281 p

https://www.vedamsbooks.com/no21864.htm

Bhattarai, S. P., Sharma, s and Subedi, P. P. (1997). Testing tomato genotypes for resistance to bacterial wilt and other horticulture traits in the hills of Nepal. Paper presented on International Conference on Integrated Plant Disease Management for Sustainable Agriculture: Proceedings/edited by D.K. Mitra. New Delhi, Indian Phytopathological Society, 2000, 2 Vols. 1281 p.

https://www.vedamsbooks.com/no21864.htm

Budathoki, K. and Bhattarai, S.P., and Lohar, D.P. (1993). Vegetable production through indigenous knowledge and technology in Nepal. Paper presented in the I International Symposium
and II National Conference on Sustainable Agriculture, 1-4 December 1993, in
CEICADAR (Center for Teaching, Research and Training for Agricultural Regional Development) Colegio de Postgraduados, Puebla, Puebla, MEXICO.

Budathoki, K. and Bhattarai, S. P. (1993). Constraints of onion production and improvement measures adopted by farmers in Nepal. ISHS Acta Horticulturae, 358:216-221. Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Allium for the Tropics, Bangkok, Thailand, 15-19 February 1993.

Published in: 2009
Refereed Conferences

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Bhattarai S. P. (2014). Aeration of irrigation water for tomato crop yield and quality. 13th International Symposium on the Processing Tomato held in parallel with the 11th World Congress on Processing Tomato in Sirmione (Italy) on 8-11 June 2014. 

Bhattarai S. P. (2013). An integrated approach for development of carbon smart biofertilizer from poultry manure. An invited presentation for DAFF, 28 June 2013, DAFF, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

Bhattarai S. P. (2012). Screening tomato germplasm based on physiological traits for drought tolerance in tropical environment.  Presented in Ecophysiology Techniques Workshop, organised by Plant Environmental Physiology Group, British Ecological Society, 10 – 15 September 2012, Lisbon, Portugal.

Bhattarai S. P. and Midmore, D. J. (2012). Does grapes respond to oxygation treatments?, Paper presented in the wine growers forum organised by Murray Valley Wine Growers Inc., 19 – 21 September 2012, Mildura, Victoria, Australia.

Bhattarai, S. P., Midmore, D. J., (2011). Oxygation- an approach on sustainable irrigation management for vegetable production in the tropics. Paper presented in First International Symposium on “Sustainable vegetable production in South East Asia” 14 - 17 March 2011, Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia. http://www.vegsea2011.ugent.be/

Bhattarai, S. P.,  Midmore, D. J., de la Peña, R., Palchamy K., Symonds, R. (2010). Breeding for drought tolerance in tomato: capitalizing on multiple approaches. Paper presented in Plant Breeding for Drought Tolerance: A Symposium, 24-25 June 2010, Colorado State University, FortCollins, Colorado, USA. http://www.droughtadaptation.org/Symposium/Speakers.html

Bhattarai, S. P.,  Midmore, D. J., and Dhungel, J. (2010). Diversifying the application of oxygation to lawn, landscape, and large scale agricultural irrigation. Paper presented in Australian Irrigation Conference and Exhibition, 8-10 June 2010, Sydney, Australia. http://www.irrigationaustralia.com.au/visitor.cfm?id=3

Bhattarai, S. P.,  Midmore, D. J., and Pendergast, L. (2009). Unravelling why oxygation is promising for horticultural irrigation: Improved root functioning associated with root upregulation of aquaporin gene activities. Paper presented in  the VI International Symposium on Irrigation of Horticultural Crops, Viña del Mar, Chile, Nov. 2-6, 2009. http://www.ishs.org/news/?p=249

Bhattarai, S. P. (2008). Rural Infrastructures Initiatives for Market Oriented Horticulture Development in Nepal: Opportunities and Challenges. Paper presented in the International Seminar on Local Infrastructure Development: Challenges & Opportunities., Kathmandu, Nepal, 25 December, 2008.

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. (2007). Effects of oxygation with respect to dripper depths on crop yield and water use efficiency'. Paper presented in third International Groundwater Conference (IGC-2007) on 'Water, Environment and Agriculture - present problems and future challenges, 7-10 February 2007, TNAU, Coimbatore, India.  http://www.cig.ensmp.fr/~iahs/conferences/2007Coimbatore.pdf

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. (2006). Oxygation: A new approach of biological water saving for crop production on saline vertosols. Paper presented in First International Conference on the Theory and Practices in Biological Water Saving (ICTPB), 21- 25 May 2006, Beijing, China. http://www.conference.ac.cn/ictpb/html/ICTPB2.doc

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. (2004). Carbon isotope discrimination and related water use efficiencies by tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) at different soil moisture regimes. Paper presented in 4th international conference on applications of stable isotope techniques to ecological studies, 19-23 April 2004, Wellington, New Zealand.

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. (2004). Soil moisture stress influence on quality, yield and blossom end rot of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) in heavy clay soil. Paper presented in the joint regional horticulture conference, harnessing the potential of horticulture in the Asia-Pacific region, 1-3 September 2004, Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia. 

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. (2004). Oxygation of rhizosphere with subsurface aerated irrigation water improves lint yield and performance of cotton on saline heavy clay soil. Paper presented in 4th international crop science conference, 19 September –1 October 2004 at Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Bhattarai, S.P, McHugh, J, Lotz, G. and Midmore, D. J. (2003). Studying the economic and physiological basis for cotton production on subsurface drip irrigation in heavy clay soils of central Queensland, Australia: An analysis of water-lint production function. Paper presented in the 2nd international congress of plant physiology on sustainable plant productivity under changing environment, 8-12 January 2003 at New Delhi, India.

Bhattarai, S.P, McHugh, J, Lotz, G. and Midmore, D. (2003). Physiological response of the cotton crop subjected to different water regimes in subsurface drip irrigation system on heavy clay soil at Emerald, central Queensland, Australia. Paper presented in 11th Australian Agronomy conference, 6-8 February 2003 at Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Subedi, P.P and Bhattarai, S. P. (1997). A low cost storage structure for mandarin in the sub-tropics. Paper presented in the International symposium on Post harvest physiology, and technologies for horticultural commodities, Agadir, Morocco, 16-21 January 1994.

Bhattarai, S. P., Sharma, S. and Subedi, P.P. (1997). Testing tomato genotypes for resistance to bacterial wilt and other horticultural traits in the hills of Nepal. Paper presented in the International conference on Integrated Plant Disease Management for Sustainable Agriculture,  New Delhi, India, 10-15 November 1997.

Subedi, P. P. and Bhattarai, S.P (1997). Effect of maturity stages and antifungal treatments on post harvest life and quality of mandarin in a cellar store. Paper presented in the International conference on Integrated Plant Disease Management for Sustainable Agriculture, New Delhi, India, 10-15 November 1997.

Bhattarai, S.P. (1995). Evaluation of the role of chlorophyll thylakoid development in chill induced depression of photosynthesis in maize (Zea mays L.) during early growing. Paper presented in the 10th Photosynthesis congress, Puebla, Montpellier, France, 10-15 August 1995.

Budathoki, K. and Bhattarai, S.P. (1993). Constraints of onion production and improvement measures adopted by farmers in Nepal. Paper presented on 1st International Symposium on Allium for the Tropics, Bangkok, Thailand, 15-19 February 1993.

Budhathoki, K. Bhattarai, S.P. and Lohar, D.P. (1993). Sustainable vegetable production through the indigenous vegetable in Nepal. Paper presented in the International symposium and national conference on Sustainable agriculture organised by CEICADAR  held at Puebla, Mexico, 1-4 December 1993.

Reviews

Bhattarai, S. P., Midmore, D. J., Lumpkin, T. A. and James, A. (2010). Recent advances in agronomy, physiology, crop improvements and utilization of Edamame: a nutritious and multipurpose vegetable crop. Advances in Agronomy, Invited.

Bhattarai, S.P., Midmore, D. J. and Su, N. (2010). Sustainable irrigaiton to balance supply ofsoil water, oxygen, nutrients and agrochemicals. In Biodiversity, Biofules, Agroforestry and Conservation Agriculture. Sustainalbe Agricutlrue Review, Vol 5: 237-259 .

Bhattarai, S. P., Su, N. and Midmore, D. J. (2005). Oxygation unlocks yield potentials of crops in oxygen-limited soil environments. Advances in Agronomy, Volume 88: 313-377.

Completed Supervisions

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GRADUATE, POSTDOC, and RESEARCH FELLOW SUPERVISED

·  Research Fellow – Thomas Holmes (March to October 2013) from university of Sheffield UK,  PC, “aerated water irrigation using fluidic oscillator”

·  Research Fellow – Zhang Hanjun (March to September 2013) – PC, “aerated water irrigation using fluidic oscillator”

·  Research Fellow – Shuyan Li (2010 – 2011) – PC, “aerated water irrigation for strawberry”

·  Research Fellow – Xinming Chen (2008 – 2009) – PC, “root respiration with oxygation”

 

·  Postdoctoral fellow – Dr. Resham Gautam (2014 – 2015), rice drought tolerance

·  Postdoctoral fellow – Dr. Thakur Bhattarai (2013 – 2014), sugarcane, reef rescue research/survey

·  Postdoctoral fellow – Dr. Vineela Challagulla (2012-2014), rice, drought tolerance

·  Postdoctoral fellow – Dr. Pramod Shrestha (2008 – 2009), supervisor, drought/oxygation

·  Postdoctoral fellow – Dr. Sanjay Singh (2008), supervisor, tomato drought tolerance

 

·  Ph. D. Student, Nahala Abbas (Associate adviser) (2014 – 2017), Agricultural water management

·  Ph. D. Student, Kishor Dahal (Principal adviser) (2014 – 2017), physiology of table grapes

·  Ph.D. Student, Tanka Prasai (Assoc adviser) (2012 – present), carbon and N smart biofertilizer

·  Ph.D. Student, Michael Cowan (Principal adviser) (2011 – present), Ancient water mgt system

·  Ph.D. Student, Gavin Chirgwin (Assoc adviser) (2011 – present), macadamia irrigation

·  Ph.D. Student, Jay Dhungel (Assoc adviser) (2008 – present), oxygation &  soil types 

·  Ph.D. Student, Lance  Pendergast (Associate adviser) (2007 – 2011), aeration uniformity 

·  Ph.D. Student, Manouchehr Torabi (Associate adviser) (2007 – 2011), aeration uniformity  

 

·  MSc.  Student, Jack Hall, (Principal ad) (2010 – 2012), flowering control Industrial Hemp

·  MSc.  Student, James Fox (Assoc adviser) (2006 – 2008) Bioengineering technology of quick grass establishment for erosion control on railway batters.

·  Honors Student, Lance Pendergast (mentor) (2002 – 2003) Effects of enhanced root zone aeration on growth, yield & water use of tomato and vegetable soybean subjected to soil salinity.

 

UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SUPERVISED

·             Diana Paez-Rativa, 2014, “Carbon smart fertilizer for Chinese cabbage production: effects of crop yield, soil quality and soil carbon.”  Research intern student from CQUniversity Australia. 

·             Mathilde Tempez, 2013, “Carbon smart fertilizer for Chinese cabbage production: effects of crop yield, soil quality and soil carbon.”  Research intern student from France.

·             Paulo Eichler, 2012, “Measurement of aeration uniformity along the drip irrigation line using optical method.”  Research intern student from university of St Paulo, Brazil.  

·             Lisa Howie, 2011, “Micro-bubbles–their contribution to soil respiration under different soil moisture  conditions” (Summer 2010). Cotton CRC Student Research Fund.

·             Michael Law, 2010, “Mitigation of Anoxic Root Stress in Pineapple (Ananas comosus) Through Oxygation” (Summer 2010). NPSI Student Scholarship Fund.

·             Bronwyn Townsend, 2009, “cotton root respiration and gas exchange at different soil moisture regimes” (Summer 2009) Cotton CRC Student Research Fund.

·             Delphine Lacombe, 2008,  “Improving drought tolerance in tomato” (Research intern from AGRO CAMPUS OUEST, L’ALIMENTATION AU CADRE DE VIE, France 2008-09), AVRDC funded project.

·             Bianca Pischick, 2007, “Effect of oxygation on germination and seedling growth of cotton is saline irrigation water” (Research intern from Germany 2006-2007).

·             Clemecne Salvoudan, 2006, “Oxygation of Chinese Cabbage in a Flood and Drain Hydroponic System with Rockwool as the Substrate” (Research intern from France 2006-2007).

Seminar Presentations

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Grants

Funiding attracted in team 

Year

Project

Agency

Amount (AU$)

Scope

Collaborator (s)

2014-2016

Carbon smart fertilizer- Green chicken

QLD Government Accelerate Partnership

372,000
KW/SPB

Carbon smart fertilizer from egg chicken industry

Mara Seeds NWS

2014-2015

Developing a carbon smart fertilizer from biochar amended chicken manure

Aust Govt. Researcher in Business

(RIB)

100,000
KW/SPB

Carbon smart fertilizer from meat chicken industry

Mara Seed NSW

2014-2017

Monitoring & control of budburst on table grapes variety Menindee in subtropical Queensland

HAL

76,737
SPB/KW

Improving fruitfulness of table grapes in tropics

Glenicey grapes Emerald 

2013-2014

Evaluating the usefulness of hydrogen peroxide in irrigation

Evonik Germany

68,500
DJM/SPB

Utility of HP for control of biofouling in irrigation, control of root intrusion and source of oxygen

DAFF and CQU engineering

2013-2014

Advanced drip and optimized furrow irrigation to minimize loss of pollutants

 

Caring for Country (extended project)

110,000
DJM/SPB

Minimize sediment, nutrient and pesticide losses to the environment through deep drainage and runoff from sugarcane and banana industries of wet tropics in northern Queensland

CSIRO, DEEDI, DERM, BBIFMAC

2013-2016

Aerated water irrigation for increased water productivity, yield and quality of processing tomato

HAL

182,000
SPB/PB

Evaluating Seair Diffusion system for increased DO in irrigation water and effects on performance of processing tomato

Kagome and Seair systems

2013-2015

Evaluating grain quality and marketing opportunities for Aus dryland rice

AAT/CQU

60,000
SPB

Grain quality and marketing assessment

ATT/CQU CIS scholarship

2013-2015

Developing agronomic options for optimization of yield , with water efficient irrigation mgt for dryland rice

AAT/CQU

60,000
SPB

Optimization of agronomic practices for rice

ATT/CQU CIS scholarship

2013-2014

Dry land rice variety development

Australian Agriculture Technology Ltd

125,000
SPB

Develop variety of package of practices for dry land rice farming in QLD

CQU research teams

2012-2014

Innovative biowaste management

PSLP, AusAID

249,600
DJM/SPB

sustainable vegetable production and improved livelihoods in Nepal

Tribhuvan university, and  Pancharatna Group of Poultry Industries Nepal

2011-2012

Optimising drip irrigation for macadamia 

Woolworth Landcare

11,000
SPB

Improving water use efficiency & reducing deep drainage and run-off

DEEDI Emerald

John Deere Water

2011

Faculty, and research infrastructure grant 

 

CQUniversity

20,000
SPB

WP-4 for water potentiometer and Phytech stem sensors

CPWS, and other centers in CQuniversity

2011-2013

Advanced drip and optimized furrow irrigation to

 

Caring for Country

441,000
DJM/SPB

Minimize sediment, nutrient and pesticide losses to the environment through deep drainage and runoff from sugarcane and banana industries of wet tropics in northern Queensland

CSIRO, DEEDI, DERM, BBIFMAC

2010-2011

Optimising drip irrigation for macadamia 

Woolworth Landcare

21,840
SPB

Improving water use efficiency & reducing deep drainage and run-off

DEEDI Emerald

John Deere Water

2009

Instrumentation- unveiling plant drought tolerance

CQuniversity Industry

64,642
SPB

QIAGEN real time Rt-PCR rapid genetic analysis

AVRDC, Taiwan

CQU Res centers  

2008-2009

Monitoring aeration & bubble visualization

AINSE Australia

27,800
SPB

Developing portable unit for measurement of bubbles during oxygation

ANSTO Australia

CQU School of Info & Com Tech

2008-2011

Drought tolerance in tropical tomato

AVRDC/GTZ Germany

131,000
SPB

Developing  protocols for drought screening and physiological traits

AVRDC Taiwan

ICRISAT India

UDS Tanzania

2009

International cooperation in drought tolerance

AVRDC Taiwan

18,000
SPB

Research training at ICRISAT India for drought screening

AVRDC Taiwan ICRISAT India

2009

 

Instrumentation for monitoring of SPAC

CQU ISRD Grant 

20,400
SPB

Upgrading instruments for environment, soil, water & plant monitoring

CQU Res centres

2009

Monitoring and managing aeration uniformity

CQU Merit grant

30,000
SPB

Improving uniformity of aeration during oxygation 

ANSTO

Seair Canada  CropTech Aus

2008-2009

Home gardening for eye nutrition in Nepal

Lions Club Rock’ton

5,000
SPB

Preventive eye health approach for Nepalese

Mountain population

Mater Hospital

Royal Adelaide Hospital

2006-2008

Oxygation-extend to industry

CQU RAAS grant (2)

108,000
DJM

Extending oxygation innovation to industries

NPSI,DEEDI, AACC

2008-2011

Oxygation of annuals and  perennial

NPSI

Australia

267,640
DJM

Optimising delivery and benefits of oxygation to annual & perennial crops

DEEDI

AACC

CropTech Intl

2008

Oxygation of pineapple

HAL

24,150
DJM/SPB

Evaluating the effect on yield, quality and WUE

Tropical pines  QLD Australia

2007

Unveiling aquaporins

DEEWR  Australia

25,000
SPB

Role of aquaporins in the aerated water irrigation

AVRDC Taiwan

2006

Oxygation of saline irrig   water

CQU Merit grant

26, 500
SPB

Minimising effect of saline irrig water on crops

Veg. growers QLD

2006-2008

Advancing oxygation

CQU RAAS grant (1)

166,904
DJM

Field testing of oxygation in number of crops

Cotton and veg growers QLD

2005

Oxygation of saline soil

CQU Merit grant

23, 400
SPB

Minimising effect of saline soil on crop yields

Veg growers QLD

2004

Field testing of oxygation

CQU ISRD grant

10,000

Evaluate benefits on melons & vegetable crops

Melon & Veg growers QLD

2003

Subsurface drip irrigation

DNRM Grant

5,500

Comparison of furrow & SDI for cotton in vertisols

Cotton growers

DERM, Aus

1996-1998

Heat tolerance in  cucumber

HARP DFID, UK

59,000

Developing heat tolerant cucumber varieties

NARES and veg. growers in Nepal

1997-2001

Off-season lime & lemon for Nepal

HARP DFID,UK

64,000

Dev prodn technologies & market info system

NARES and lime. growers in Nepal

2000-2001

Gender issues on

 veg production

SSMP/SDC Helvetas Nep

18,600

Gender role & benefits of veg farming on women

NGOS and local CBOs in Nepal

1999-2001

Sustainable soil mgt for vegetable

SSMP/SDC Helvetas Nep

43, 900

Soil fertility improving practices for veg farming

NGOS and local CBOs in Nepal

1998-2001

Vegetable for poverty reduction

GTZ/PLAN intl, Nepal 

189, 000

Vegetable for income generation and health

Farmers groups, Ag Dept in Nepal

1995-1997

Commercial vegetable Res

DFID UK Nepal

213, 000

Off season veg marketing technologies for hill farm

Farmers groups, Ag Dept in Nepal

1990-1994

Research outreach for horticulture

DFID UK

Nepal

109, 00

On farm trials for veg technology transfer

Farmers groups, Ag Dept in Nepal

Refereed Articles

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Book chapters

Palada M. C., Bhattarai, S. P., Wu D., Roberts, M., Bhattarai, M, Kimsan, R., and Midmore, D. J., (2011). More Crop Per Drop: Using Simple Drip Irrigation Systems for Small-scale Vegetable Production. AVRDC- The World Vegetable Centre, Shanhua, Taiwan. AVRDC Publication No. 09-729. 83p. http://libnts.avrdc.org.tw/fulltext_pdf/EB/2011-2015/eb0086.pdf

Bhattarai, S. P., Midmore, D. J., Lumpkin, T. A. and James, A. (2010). Recent advances in agronomy, physiology, crop improvements and utilization of Edamame: a nutritious and multipurpose vegetable crop. Advances in Agronomy, Invited.

Bhattarai, S.P., Midmore, D. J. and Su, N. (2010). Sustainable irrigaiton to balance supply ofsoil water, oxygen, nutrients and agrochemicals. In Biodiversity, Biofules, Agroforestry and Conservation Agriculture. Sustainalbe Agricutlrue Review, Vol 5: 237-259 .

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. J. (2008). Effect of oxygation with respect to dripper depths on yield and water use efficiencies of soybean and pumpkin in vertisols, pp. 243-257. In: K. Palanisami, B. R. Neupane and M. Thangarajan (Eds.). Ground Water Quality and Environment. Macmillan Publication, India.

Bhattarai, S. P., Su, N. and Midmore, D. J. (2005). Oxygation unlocks yield potentials of crops in oxygen-limited soil environments. Advances in Agronomy, Volume 88: 313-377.

Journal articles

Hall, J., Bhattarai, S. P., & Midmore, D.J. (2014): The Effects of Photoperiod on Phenological Development and Yields of Industrial Hemp.  Journal of Natural Fibers, DOI: Accepted for publication, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15440478.2013.846840

Pendergast, L., Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. J. (2013). Benefits of oxygation of subsurface drip-irrigation water for cotton in a Vertosol. Crop & Pasture Science: 64:1171–1181

Hall, J., Bhattarai, S. P., & Midmore, D.J. (2013): The effects of different sowing times on maturity rates, biomass, and plant growth of industrial fiber hemp.  Journal of

Natural Fibers, 10:1, 40-50

Bhattarai, S.P. Balsys, R., Wassink, D., Midmore, D. J. and Torabi, M. (2013). The total air budget in oxygenated water flowing in drip tape. International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 52:121-130.

 
Torabi, M., Midmore, D. J., Walsh, K.B., Bhattarai, S.P. and Tait, L.  (2012). Analysis of factors affecting the availability of air bubbles to subsurface drip irrigation emitters during oxygation. Irrigation Science, 31:621–630

Hall, J., Bhattarai S.P. and Midmore, D. J. (2012). The effects of different sowing times on maturity rates, biomass and plant growth of industrial fibre. Manuscript accepted by Journal of Natural Fibers, October 2012.

Bhattarai, S.P., Balysis, R., Wassink, D., Midmore, D. J. and Torabi, M. (2012). The total air budget in oxygenated water flowing in drip tape. Manuscript accepted by International Journal of Multiphase Flow, October 2012.

Torabi, M., Midmore, D. J., Walsh, K. B., Bhattarai, S. P. and Tait, L. (2012). Analysis of factors affecting the availability of air bubbles to subsurface drip irrigation emitters during oxygation. Irrigation Science. DOI 10.1007/s00271-012-0337-1

Hall, J., Bhattarai S.P. and Midmore, D. J. (2012). Review of flowering control in industrial hemp. Journal of Natural Fibers, 9(1) 23-36.

Dhungel, J., Bhattarai, S.P., and Midmore, D.J. (2012). Aerated water irrigation (Oxygation) benefits to pineapple yield, water use efficiency and crop health. Advances in Horticultural Science: 26(1): 3-16

Dhungel, J.K.., Midmore, D.J. ., Walsh, K.B. ., Bhattarai, S.P., Subedi, P.P. and Xinming, C. (2011). Oxygation enhanced pineapple yield and quality. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 889:551-555. http://www.actahort.org/books/889/889_70.htm

Fox, J. L., Bhattarai S. P., and Gyasi-Agyei, Y. (2011). Evaluation of different seed mixtures for grass establishment to mitigate soil erosion on steep slopes of railway batters.  Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. ASAE American Society of Civil Engineers. Vol 137 (9): 624-631.

Chen, Xi., Dhungel, J., Bhattarai, S. P., Torabi, M., Pendergast, L., and Midmore D. J. (2011). Impact of oxygation on soil respiration, yield and water use efficiency of three crop species. Journal of Plant Ecology (Accepted in October 2010), DOI:10.1093/jpe/RTQ030

Bhattarai, S. P., Palada M. C., Midmore, D. J., Wu D. and Salas R. (2010). On-farm evaluation of fertilizer briquettes and low-cost drip irrigation for smallholder vegetable production in Cambodia. Irrigation and Drainage. DOI: 10.1002/ird.571

Palada M. C., Bhattarai, S. P., Roberts, M., Baxter, N., Bhattarai, M., Kimsan, R., Kan, S., and Wu D. (2010). Increasing on-farm water productivity through farmer participatory evaluation of affordable micro irrigation vegetable-based technology in Cambodia. Journal of Applied Irrigation Science, Vol. 45, No. 2: 133-143.

Bhattarai, S.P., Dhungel, J. and Midmore, D. J (2010). Oxygation Improves Yield and Quality and Minimizes Internal Fruit Crack of Cucurbits on a Heavy Clay Soil in the Semi-arid Tropics. Journal of Agricultural Science Vol. 2, No. 3: 18-25

Bhattarai S. P. and Midmore, D. J. (2009). Oxygation effects on physiology and water use efficiency and salt tolerance of cotton and vegetable soybean in a vertisol. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology.51 (7):675-688.

Bhattarai, S.P., de la Pena, R., Midmore, D. J. and Palchamy, K. (2009). Successful immature seed culture on tomoato for rapid generation advancement.  Euphytica, 167:23-30.

McHugh, A. D., Bhattarai, S.P, Lotz, G. and Midmore, D. J. (2008). Effects of subsurface drip irrigation rates and furrow irrigation for cotton grown on a vertisol on off-site movements of sediments, nutrients and pesticides. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 28:507-519.

Bhattarai, S.P., Midmore, D. J. and Pendergast, L. (2008). Yield, water-use efficiencies and root distribution of soybean, chickpea and pumpkin under different subsurface drip irrigation depths and oxygation treatment in vertisols. Irrigation Science, 26: 439-450.

Bhattarai S. P., Salvaudon, C., and Midmore, D. J. (2008). Oxygation of the rockwool substrate for hydroponics. Aquaponics Journal, 49 (2): 29-33.  

Bhattarai S. P., Fox, J. and Gyasi-Agyei, Y. (2008). Enhancing buffel grass seed germination by acid treatment for rapid vegetation establishment on railway betters. Journal of Arid Environments,72: 255-262.

Bhattarai S. P. and Midmore, D. J. (2007). Carbon isotope discrimination and other surrogates of water use efficiencies for tomato under various soil moistures. International Journal of Vegetable Science. 13(1):19-40.

Shakya, S. M., Bhattarai, S. P., Tripathi, K. M. and Sharma, M. D. (2006). Screening of cucumber germplasms for high temperature and long Day photoperiodic tolerance. J. Inst. Agric. Anim. Sci. 27:45-51

Sharma, M. D. and Bhattarai, S. P. (2006). Performance of cucumber cultivars at low hill during Summer-rainy seasons. J. Inst. Agric. Anim. Sci. 27:169-171

Bhattarai S. P., Pendergast, L and Midmore, D. J. (2006).  Root aeration improves yield and water use efficiency of tomato in heavy clay soils. Scientia Horticulturae, 108: 278-288.

Panthee, D. R., KC, R. B., Regmi, H. N., Subedi, P.P., Bhattarai, S. P. and Dhakal, J. (2006). Diversity analysis of garlic (Allium sativum L.) germplasms available in Nepal based on morphological characters. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 53: 205-212.

Bhattarai, S. P., McHugh, A. D. Lotz, G. and Midmore, D. J. (2006). The response of cotton to subsurface drip and furrow irrigation in a Vertisol. Experimental Agriculture, 42: 29-49.

Sharma, M. D., GC, Y. D., Tripathi, K. M. and Bhattarai, S. P. (2005). Performance of Mahyco Green Long and Bhaktapur Local cucumber cultivars at different sowing dates in mid-hill of Nepal. J. Inst. Agric. Anim. Sci. 26:163-166.

Dhakal, D. D., Tripathi, K. M. and Bhattarai, S. (2005). Marketing survey of acid lime and hill lemon in Nepal. J. Inst. Agric. Anim. Sci. 26:107-116.

Bhattarai S. P., Huber, S. and Midmore, D. J. (2004). Aerated subsurface irrigation water gives growth and yield benefits to zucchini, vegetable soybean and cotton in heavy clay soils. Annals of Applied Biology, UK, 144: 285-298.

Bhattarai, S. P., McHugh, A. D. Lotz, G. and Midmore, D. J. (2003). Studying the economic and physiological basis for cotton production on subsurface drip irrigation in heavy clay soils of central Queensland, Australia: An analysis of water-lint production function. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 20. (4): 55-62.

Conference Presentations

Bhattarai S. P. (2014). Aeration of irrigation water for tomato crop yield and quality. 13th International Symposium on the Processing Tomato held in parallel with the 11th World Congress on Processing Tomato in Sirmione (Italy) on 8-11 June 2014. 

Bhattarai S. P. (2013). An integrated approach for development of carbon smart biofertilizer from poultry manure. An invited presentation for DAFF, 28 June 2013, DAFF, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

Bhattarai S. P. (2012). Screening tomato germplasm based on physiological traits for drought tolerance in tropical environment.  Presented in Ecophysiology Techniques Workshop, organised by Plant Environmental Physiology Group, British Ecological Society, 10 – 15 September 2012, Lisbon, Portugal.

Bhattarai S. P. and Midmore, D. J. (2012). Does grapes respond to oxygation treatments?, Paper presented in the wine growers forum organised by Murray Valley Wine Growers Inc., 19 – 21 September 2012, Mildura, Victoria, Australia.

Bhattarai, S. P., Midmore, D. J., (2011). Oxygation- an approach on sustainable irrigation management for vegetable production in the tropics. Paper presented in First International Symposium on “Sustainable vegetable production in South East Asia” 14 - 17 March 2011, Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia. http://www.vegsea2011.ugent.be/

Bhattarai, S. P.,  Midmore, D. J., de la Peña, R., Palchamy K., Symonds, R. (2010). Breeding for drought tolerance in tomato: capitalizing on multiple approaches. Paper presented in Plant Breeding for Drought Tolerance: A Symposium, 24-25 June 2010, Colorado State University, FortCollins, Colorado, USA. http://www.droughtadaptation.org/Symposium/Speakers.html

Bhattarai, S. P.,  Midmore, D. J., and Dhungel, J. (2010). Diversifying the application of oxygation to lawn, landscape, and large scale agricultural irrigation. Paper presented in Australian Irrigation Conference and Exhibition, 8-10 June 2010, Sydney, Australia. http://www.irrigationaustralia.com.au/visitor.cfm?id=3

Bhattarai, S. P.,  Midmore, D. J., and Pendergast, L. (2009). Unravelling why oxygation is promising for horticultural irrigation: Improved root functioning associated with root upregulation of aquaporin gene activities. Paper presented in  the VI International Symposium on Irrigation of Horticultural Crops, Viña del Mar, Chile, Nov. 2-6, 2009. http://www.ishs.org/news/?p=249

Bhattarai, S. P. (2008). Rural Infrastructures Initiatives for Market Oriented Horticulture Development in Nepal: Opportunities and Challenges. Paper presented in the International Seminar on Local Infrastructure Development: Challenges & Opportunities., Kathmandu, Nepal, 25 December, 2008.

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. (2007). Effects of oxygation with respect to dripper depths on crop yield and water use efficiency'. Paper presented in third International Groundwater Conference (IGC-2007) on 'Water, Environment and Agriculture - present problems and future challenges, 7-10 February 2007, TNAU, Coimbatore, India.  http://www.cig.ensmp.fr/~iahs/conferences/2007Coimbatore.pdf

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. (2006). Oxygation: A new approach of biological water saving for crop production on saline vertosols. Paper presented in First International Conference on the Theory and Practices in Biological Water Saving (ICTPB), 21- 25 May 2006, Beijing, China. http://www.conference.ac.cn/ictpb/html/ICTPB2.doc

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. (2004). Carbon isotope discrimination and related water use efficiencies by tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) at different soil moisture regimes. Paper presented in 4th international conference on applications of stable isotope techniques to ecological studies, 19-23 April 2004, Wellington, New Zealand.

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. (2004). Soil moisture stress influence on quality, yield and blossom end rot of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) in heavy clay soil. Paper presented in the joint regional horticulture conference, harnessing the potential of horticulture in the Asia-Pacific region, 1-3 September 2004, Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia. 

Bhattarai, S. P. and Midmore, D. (2004). Oxygation of rhizosphere with subsurface aerated irrigation water improves lint yield and performance of cotton on saline heavy clay soil. Paper presented in 4th international crop science conference, 19 September –1 October 2004 at Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Bhattarai, S.P, McHugh, J, Lotz, G. and Midmore, D. J. (2003). Studying the economic and physiological basis for cotton production on subsurface drip irrigation in heavy clay soils of central Queensland, Australia: An analysis of water-lint production function. Paper presented in the 2nd international congress of plant physiology on sustainable plant productivity under changing environment, 8-12 January 2003 at New Delhi, India.

Bhattarai, S.P, McHugh, J, Lotz, G. and Midmore, D. (2003). Physiological response of the cotton crop subjected to different water regimes in subsurface drip irrigation system on heavy clay soil at Emerald, central Queensland, Australia. Paper presented in 11th Australian Agronomy conference, 6-8 February 2003 at Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Subedi, P.P and Bhattarai, S. P. (1997). A low cost storage structure for mandarin in the sub-tropics. Paper presented in the International symposium on Post harvest physiology, and technologies for horticultural commodities, Agadir, Morocco, 16-21 January 1994.

Bhattarai, S. P., Sharma, S. and Subedi, P.P. (1997). Testing tomato genotypes for resistance to bacterial wilt and other horticultural traits in the hills of Nepal. Paper presented in the International conference on Integrated Plant Disease Management for Sustainable Agriculture,  New Delhi, India, 10-15 November 1997.

Subedi, P. P. and Bhattarai, S.P (1997). Effect of maturity stages and antifungal treatments on post harvest life and quality of mandarin in a cellar store. Paper presented in the International conference on Integrated Plant Disease Management for Sustainable Agriculture, New Delhi, India, 10-15 November 1997.

Bhattarai, S.P. (1995). Evaluation of the role of chlorophyll thylakoid development in chill induced depression of photosynthesis in maize (Zea mays L.) during early growing. Paper presented in the 10th Photosynthesis congress, Puebla, Montpellier, France, 10-15 August 1995.

Budathoki, K. and Bhattarai, S.P. (1993). Constraints of onion production and improvement measures adopted by farmers in Nepal. Paper presented on 1st International Symposium on Allium for the Tropics, Bangkok, Thailand, 15-19 February 1993.

Budhathoki, K. Bhattarai, S.P. and Lohar, D.P. (1993). Sustainable vegetable production through the indigenous vegetable in Nepal. Paper presented in the International symposium and national conference on Sustainable agriculture organised by CEICADAR  held at Puebla, Mexico, 1-4 December 1993.

Research Interests

Natural resource management in agriculture for sustainable productivity  
 

Integrated soil fertility & natural resources management for mitigating crop abiotic stress

Irrigation, water use efficiency, water quality, effluent & waste utilization in agriculture

Horticulture, agronomy, crop ecophysiology, and environmental agriculture.

AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES
Horticultural Production - Horticultural Crop Growth and Development
Crop Water Use Efficiencies, Crop Drought Tolerance and Sustainable Soil Management are the major areas of research in my team
Agriculture, Land and Farm Management - Sustainable Agricultural Development
Interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary reseaarch that aim to increase the crop water productivity in the farm. Three thematic areas are smart water, smart crop and smart fertilizer technoligies for sustainable gain in farm crop water productivity.
BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
Plant Biology - Plant Physiology
AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES
Crop and Pasture Production - Agronomy
Horticultural Production - Horticultural Crop Growth and Development
Journal article

Dahal, K. C., Bhattarai, S. P., Midmore, D. J., Oag, D. R., & Walsh, K. B. (2019). Improvement of tablegrape vine fruitfulness by prior season gibberellic acid application during flowering. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 1-8. doi:10.1080/14620316.2019.1642146

Dahal, K. C., Bhattarai, S. P., Midmore, D. J., Oag, D. R., & Walsh, K. B. (2019). Temporal yield variability in subtropical table grape production. Scientia Horticulturae, 246, 951-956. doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2018.11.063

Link to ACQUIRE

Prasai, T. P., Walsh, K. B., Midmore, D. J., Jones, B. E. H., & Bhattarai, S. P. (2018). Manure from biochar, bentonite and zeolite feed supplemented poultry: Moisture retention and granulation properties. Journal of Environmental Management, 216, 82-88. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.08.040

Link to ACQUIRE

Dahal, K. C., Bhattarai, S. P., Kicherer, A., Oag, D. R., & Walsh, K. B. (2018). Assessment of ‘hen and chicken’ disorder for marketable yield estimates of table grape using the ‘Berry Analysis Tool’. Vitis: journal of grapevine research, 57(1), 27-34. doi:10.5073/vitis.2018.57.27-34

Link to ACQUIRE

Lei, H., Liu, H., Bhattarai, S., Balsys, R., & Hongwei, P. (2018). Impacts of gas source and surfactant on gas-water coupling transmission along a long-distance drip tape in one or two line layout under aerated drip irrigation. Nongye Gongcheng Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 34(19), 88-94. Retrieved from http://www.tcsae.org/

Link to ACQUIRE

Hongjun, L., Huan, L., Zhenhua, Z., Bhattarai, S., & Balsys, R. (2017). Impact of NaCl and biodegradable surfactant on water and oxygen transmission under aerated irrigation. Nongye Gongcheng Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 33(05), 96-101. Retrieved from http://www.tcsae.org/

Link to ACQUIRE

Prasai, T. P., Walsh, K. B., Midmore, D. J., & Bhattarai, S. P. (2017). Biochar, zeolite and bentonite feed supplements influence broiler growth and meat yield and excreta properties. European Poultry Science, 81, 1-14. doi:10.1399/eps.2017.209

Link to ACQUIRE

Dahal, K. C., Bhattarai, S. P., Midmore, D. J., Oag, D., & Walsh, K. B. (2017). Table grape production in the subtropics and prospects for Nepal. Nepalese Horticlulture, 12, 6-15.

Link to ACQUIRE

Prasai, T. P., Walsh, K. B., Bhattarai, S. P., Midmore, D. J., Van, T. T. H., Moore, R. J., & Stanley, D. (2017). Zeolite food supplementation reduces abundance of enterobacteria. Microbiological Research, 195, 24-30. doi:10.1016/j.micres.2016.11.006

Link to ACQUIRE

Abbas, N., Wasimi, S. A., & Al-Ansari, N. (2016). Impacts of climate change on water resources in Diyala River Basin, Iraq. Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 10(9), 1059-1074. doi:10.17265/1934-7359/2016.09.009

Link to ACQUIRE

Lei, H., Bhattarai, S., Balsys, R., Midmore, D. J., Holmes, T., & Zimmerman, W. (2016). Temporal and spatial dimension of dissolved oxygen saturation with fluidic oscillator and Mazzei air injector in soil-less irrigation systems. Irrigation Science, 34(6), 421-430. doi:10.1007/s00271-016-0512-x

Link to ACQUIRE

Prasai, T. P., Walsh, K., Bhattarai, S. P., Midmore, D. J., Van Thi, T. H., Moore, R. J., & Stanley, D. (2016). Biochar, bentonite and zeolite supplemented feeding of layer chickens alters intestinal microbiota and reduces campylobacter load. PLoS ONE, 11(4), 1-13. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0154061

Link to ACQUIRE

Midmore, D. J., Bhattarai, S. P., Dhakal, D. D., & Bhattarai, T. C. (2016). Market-place and other organic wastes as nutrient sources for horticulture in Nepal. Acta Horticulturae, 1112, 343-347. Retrieved from http://www.actahort.org/books/1112/1112_46.htm

Link to ACQUIRE

Bhattarai, S., Balsys, R., Eichler, P., Midmore, D., & Wassink, D. (2015). Dynamic changes in bubble profile due to surfactant and tape orientation of emitters in drip tape during aerated water irrigation. International journal of multiphase flow., 75, 137-143. doi:10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2015.05.008

Link to ACQUIRE

Challagulla, V., Bhattarai, S., & Midmore, D. (2015). In-vitro vs in-vivo inoculation : screening for resistance of Australian rice genotypes against blast fungus. Rice science., 22(3), 132-137. doi:10.1016/j.rsci.2015.05.017

Link to ACQUIRE

Torabi, M., Midmore, D., Walsh, K., & Bhattarai, S. (2014). Improving the uniformity of emitter air bubble delivery during oxygation. Journal of irrigation and drainage engineering., 140(7), 1-6. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)IR.1943-4774.0000735

Link to ACQUIRE

Hall, J., Bhattarai, S., & Midmore, D. (2014). The effects of photoperiod on phenological development and yields of industrial hemp. Journal of natural fibers., 11(1), 87-106. doi:10.1080/15440478.2013.846840

Link to ACQUIRE

Torabi, M., Midmore, D., Walsh, K., Bhattarai, S., & Tait, L. (2013). Analysis of factors affecting the availability of air bubbles to subsurface drip irrigation emitters during oxygation. Irrigation science., 31(4), 621-630. doi:10.1007/s00271-012-0337-1

Link to ACQUIRE

Pendergast, L., Bhattarai, S., & Midmore, D. (2013). Benefits of oxygation of subsurface drip-irrigation water for cotton in a Vertosol. Crop and pasture science., 64(11-12), 1171-1181. doi:10.1071/CP13348

Link to ACQUIRE

Hall, J., Bhattarai, S., & Midmore, D. (2013). The effects of different sowing times on maturity rates, biomass, and plant growth of industrial fiber hemp. Journal of natural fibers., 10(1), 40-50. doi:10.1080/15440478.2012.756639

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Bhattarai, S., Balsys, R., Wassink, D., Midmore, D., & Torabi, M. (2013). The total air budget in oxygenated water flowing in a drip tape irrigation pipe. International journal of multiphase flow., 52, 121-130. doi:10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2013.01.004

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Dhungel, J., Bhattarai, S., & Midmore, D. (2012). Aerated water irrigation (oxygation) benefits to pineapple yield, water use efficiency and crop health. Advances in horticultural science., 26(1), 3-16.

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Hall, J., Bhattarai, S., & Midmore, D. (2012). Review of flowering control in industrial hemp. Journal of natural fibers., 9(1), 23-36. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15440478.2012.651848

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Palada, M. C., Bhattarai, S. P., Roberts, M. S., Bhattarai, M., Baxter, N., Kimsan, R., & Wu, D. L. (2011). Improving smallholder dry season vegetable production through increased water productivity with low cost drip irrigation technology in Cambodia. Acta Horticulturae, 133-140. doi:10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.922.16

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Chen, X., Dhungel, J., Bhattarai, S., Torabi, M., & Midmore, D. J. (2010). Impact of oxygation on soil respiration and crop physiological characteristics in pineapple. Paiguan Jixie Gongcheng Xuebao / Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engineering, 28(6), 543-547. Retrieved from http://zzs.ujs.edu.cn/pgjx/EN/abstract/abstract324.shtml

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Fox, J., Bhattarai, S., & Gyasi-Agyei, Y. (2010). Evaluation of different seed mixtures for grass establishment to mitigate soil on steep slopes of railway batters. Journal of irrigation and drainage engineering., 137(9), 624-631. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)IR.1943-4774.0000319

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Chen, X., Dhungel, J., Bhattarai, S., Torabi, M., Pendergast, L., & Midmore, D. (2010). Impact of oxygation on soil respiration, yield and water use efficiency of three crop species. Journal of plant ecology., (6 December 2010), 1-13. doi:10.1093/jpe/rtq030

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Palada, M., Bhattarai, S., Roberts, M., Baxter, N., Bhattarai, M., Kimsan, R., . . . Wu, D. L. (2010). Increasing on-farm water productivity through farmer-participatory evaluation of affordable microirrigation vegetable-based technology in Cambodia. Journal of applied irrigation science., 45(2), 133-143.

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Bhattarai, S., Palada, M., Midmore, D., Wu, D. L., & Salas, R. (2010). On-farm evaluation of fertilizer briquettes and low-cost drip irrigation for smallholder vegetable production in Cambodia. Irrigation and drainage., 60(3), 318-329. doi:10.1002/ird.571

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Bhattarai, S., Dhungel, J., & Midmore, D. (2010). Oxygation improves yield and quality and minimizes internal fruit crack of cucurbits on a heavy clay soil in the semi-arid tropics. Journal of agricultural science., 2(3), 18-25. Retrieved from http://ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/jas/issue/view/268

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Bhattarai, S., & Midmore, D. (2009). Oxygation enhances growth, gas exchange and salt tolerance of vegetable soybean and cotton in a saline vertisol. Journal of integrative plant biology., 51(7), 675-688. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7909.2009.00834.x

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McHugh, A., Bhattarai, S., Lotz, G., & Midmore, D. (2008). Effects of subsurface drip irrigation rates and furrow irrigation for cotton grown on a vertisol on off-site movement of sediments, nutrients and pesticides. Agronomy for sustainable development : sciences des productions vegetales et de l'environnement., 28(4), 507-519.

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Bhattarai, S., Fox, J., & Gyasi-Agyei, Y. (2008). Enhancing buffel grass seed germination by acid treatment for rapid vegetation establishment on railway batters. Journal of arid environments., 72(3), 255-262.

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Bhattarai, S., De La Pena, R., Midmore, D., & Palchamy, K. (2008). In vitro culture of immature seed for rapid generation advancement in tomato. Euphytica., 167(1), 23-30. doi:10.1007/s10681-008-9855-6

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Bhattarai, S., Salvaudon, C., & Midmore, D. (2008). Oxygation of the rockwool substrate for hydroponics. Aquaponics journal., 49, 29-33.

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Bhattarai, S., & Midmore, D. (2008). Potential benefits of oxygation-aeration of irrigation water to the Australian fruit industry. Australian fruitgrower., 2(1), 22-23.

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Bhattarai, S., Midmore, D., & Pendergast, L. (2008). Yield, water-use efficiencies and root distribution of soybean, chickpea and pumpkin under different subsurface drip irrigation depths and oxygation treatments in vertisols. Irrigation science., 26(5).

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Bhattarai, S., Huber, S., & Midmore, D. (2004). Aerated subsurface irrigation water gives growth and yield benefits to zucchini, vegetable soybean and cotton in heavy clay soils. Annals of applied biology., 144(3), 285-298. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2004.tb00344.x

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Bhattarai, S. P., & Midmore, D. J. (2007). Carbon isotope discrimination and surrogates of water use efficiency for tomato under various soil moistures. International Journal of Vegetable Science, 13(1), 19-40. doi:10.1300/J512v13n01_03

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Panthee, D., KC, R., Regmi, H., Subedi, P., Dhakal, J., & Bhattarai, S. (2006). Diversity analysis of garlic (Allium sativum L.) germplasms available in Nepal based on morphological characters. Genetic resources and crop evolution., 53(1), 205-212. doi:10.1007/s10722-004-6690-z

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Bhattarai, S., Su, N., & Midmore, D. (2005). Oxygation unlocks yield potentials of crops in oxygen-limited soil environments. Advances in agronomy., 88, 314-377.

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Bhattarai, S., Midmore, D., & Pendergast, L. (2006). Oxygation yields many benefits. Good Fruit & Vegetables., (2006), 32-33.

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Bhattarai, S., Pendergast, L., & Midmore, D. (2006). Root aeration improves yield and water use efficiency of tomato in heavy clay and saline soils. Scientia horticulturae., 108(3), 278-288. doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2006.02.011

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Bhattarai, S., McHugh, A., Midmore, D., & Lotz, G. (2006). The Response of cotton to subsurface drip and furrow irrigation in a vertisol. Experimental agriculture., 42, 29-49. doi:10.1017/S0014479705003029

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Report

Akbar, D., Rahman, A., Rolfe, J., Kinnear, S., & Bhattarai, S. (2018). Current and Potential High Value Perishable Agricultural Commodities (HVPACs) that have Demand in Asian Countries: A Case Study of Central Queensland. Rockhampton: CQUniversity Australia.

Midmore, D., & Bhattarai, S. (2012). Oxygation : optimising delivery and benefits of aerated irrigation water.. Canberra, ACT: National Program for Sustainable Irrigation. Retrieved from http://npsi.gov.au/products/npsi0912

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Bhattarai, S., Midmore, D., & Dhungel, J. (2011). Aeration of irrigation water for improvements in pineapple crop health and yield. NSW, Australia: Horticulture Australia. Retrieved from http://www.horticulture.com.au/

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Conference paper

Sharma Paudel, D., Silwal, S., Bhattarai, S., & Midmore, D. (2015). Grain quality of rainfed rice (Oryza sativa) genotypes in Central Queensland, Australia. In Building Productive, Diverse and Sustainable Landscapes : Proceedings of the 17th Australian Agronomy Conference, 20-24 September 2015, Hobart, Australia (pp. 1-7). Warragul, Vic.: Australian Society of Agronomy Inc.. Retrieved from http://www.agronomy2015.com.au/proceedings

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Dhungel, J., Midmore, D., Walsh, K., Bhattarai, S., Subedi, P., & Xinming, C. (2011). Oxygation enhanced pineapple yield and quality. In S. Ortega-Farias, & G. Selles (Eds.), Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Irrigation of Horticultural Crops. (pp. 551-555). Leuven, Belgium: International Society of Horticultural Science (ISHS).

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Palada, M., Bhattarai, S., & Roberts, M. (2008). Farmer participatory evaluation of affordable microirrigation technology for vegetable production in Cambodia. In HortScience. Vol. 43 (pp. 1143). United States.: American Society for Horticultural Science.

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Gyasi-Agyei, Y., Fox, J., Bhattarai, S., McSweeney, T., & Nissen, D. (2007). Advances in steep slope (batter) erosion control. In Proceedings of International Conference on Adaptive Science & Technology : ICAST 2007 - Advancement through technology and education, 10th-12th December 2007, Accra, Ghana. (pp. 161-168). Ghana: ICAST.

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Bhattarai, S., & Midmore, D. (2005). Influence of soil moisture on yield and quality of tomato on a heavy clay soil. In International Symposium on Harnessing the Potential of Horticulture in the Asian-Pacific Region (pp. 451-454). Netherlands: International Society of Horticulture Science. Retrieved from http://www.actahort.org/books/694/694_74.htm

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Midmore, D., Bhattarai, S., Pendergast, L., & Torabi, M. (2007). Oxygation : aeration of subsurface drip irrigation water and its advantages for crop production. In Oxygation : aeration of subsurface drip irrigation water and its advantages for crop production. (pp. 1-3). Australia: ANCID].

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Bhattarai, S., & Midmore, D. (2004). Oxygation of rhizosphere with subsurface aerated irrigation water improves lint yield and performance of cotton on saline heavy clay soil. In Proceedings of the 4th International Crop Science Congress. (pp. 1-5). Gosford, N.S.W.: Regional Institute.

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Bhattarai, S., Midmore, D., McHugh, J., & Lotz, G. (2003). Physiological responses of cotton to subsurface drip irrigation on heavy clay soil. In Solutions for a better environment : Proceedings of the 11th Australian Agronomy Conference, 2-6 Feb. 2003, Geelong, Victoria. (pp. 1-2). Geelong, Vic.: Australian Society of Agronomy. Retrieved from http://www.regional.org.au/au/asa/2003/p/4/bhattarai.htm

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Gyasi-Agyei, Y., Fox, J., Nissen, D., & Bhattarai, S. (2005). Simultaneous multi-site railway embankment steep slopes (batters) erosion control for a new spur line. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Railway Engineering and Exhibition. (pp. 1-10). Edinburgh: Engineering Technics Press.

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Book chapter

Bhattarai, S. P., & Dhakal, D. D. (2015). Utilising organic wastes and alternative sources of plant nutrients for sustainable agriculture in Nepal. In A. P. Adhikari, G. P. Dahal, I. Mahat, B. Regmi, K. D. Subedi, & B. Shrestha (Eds.), Sustainable Livelihood Systems in Nepal: Principles, Practices and Prospects (First ed., pp. 49-64). Kathmandu, Nepal: IUCN and CCFN. Retrieved from http://cffn.ca/wp-content/uploads/CoverAndIntroduction.pdf

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Bhattarai, S., Midmore, D., & Su, N. (2010). Sustainable irrigation to balance supply of soil water, oxygen, nutrients and agro-chemicals. In E. Lichtfouse (Ed.), Biodiversity, biofuels, agroforestry and conservation agriculture (pp. 253-286). Dordrecht: Springer.

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Bhattarai, S., & Midmore, D. (2008). Effect of oxygation with respect to dripper depths on yield and water use efficiencies of soybean and pumpkin in vertisols. In K. Palanisami, B. Neupane, & M. Thangarajan (Eds.), Groundwater quality and environment (pp. 243-257). Dehli: Macmillan.

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Book

Palada, M., Bhattarai, S., Wu, D. L., Roberts, M., Bhattarai, M., Kimsan, R., & Midmore, D. (2011). More crop per drop: using simple drip irrigation systems for small-scale vegetable production. Taiwan: AVRDC : The World Vegetable Center. Retrieved from http://libnts.avrdc.org.tw/fulltext_pdf/EB/2011-2015/eb0086.pdf

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Thesis / Dissertation

Bhattarai, S. (2005). The physiology of water use efficiency of crops subjected to subsurface drip irrigation, oxygation and salinity in a heavy clay soil. (PhD Thesis, Central Queensland University).

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Higher Education
HE Term 2 - 2014
BIOL13085 - Professional Skills in Industry
Unit Coordinator
Vocational Education and Training