Dr Bill Zhao Built Environment / School of Engineering and Technology

Senior Lecturer - Built Environment

School of Engineering and Technology

Contact Details

Email: b.zhao@cqu.edu.au

Phone: (02) 9324 5775 - Ext: 55775

Office Location

Room 1.08

400 Kent St.

CQUniversity Sydney

About Me

Dr Xianbo (Bill) Zhao is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Engineering and Technology. Dr Zhao holds a PhD degree (Building) from the National University of Singapore, as well as Master and Bachelor degrees (Construction Management) from Southeast University (China). He joined CQUniversity as a lecturer in April 2014. Dr Zhao serves as an ARC detailed assessor, reviewers of nearly 50 journals, editorial board members of 7 journals, and organizing/scientific/technical program committee members of over 10 international conferences. His research areas cover project and enterprise risk management, Building Information Modelling (BIM), sustainable construction, rework and productivity, and construction partnering.

Dr Zhao has published one book, around 60 international journal papers (including one ESI highly cited paper), and around 30 conference papers. He receives a Scopus h-index of 21 and Google Scholar h-index of 22 (Dec 2018).

Dr Zhao is eligible to be a principal supervisor of PhD students.

Awards

Publication Recognition Award, Central Queensland University, November 2017

Chinese Government Award For Outstanding Self-Financed Students Abroad, China Scholarship Council, 2015

Excellent Paper Award, CRIOCM 2014 International Symposium on the Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate

Research Scholarship, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Aug 2010 – Jan 2014.

Excellent Master Graduate Award (1st place), Southeast University, China, 2010.

Ding Da-Jun Scholarship, Southeast University, China, 2009.

Outstanding Student Award, Southeast University, China, 2008.

Master Scholarship, Southeast University, China, Sep 2007 – Jan 2010.

Responsibilities

Key Achievements


Editor

Journal Editorial Board Member:

Lead Guest Editor, Special Issue “Advanced Management in Civil Engineering Projects”, Advances in Civil Engineering, November 2017 – April 2018

Frontiers in Built Environment, December 2017 – Present

Global Journal of Engineering Research, November 2016 – Present

MAYFEB Journal of Civil Engineering, May 2016 – Present

MAYFEB Journal of Business and Management, May 2016 – Present

Modern Management Forum, February 2016 – Present

Journal of Steel Structures & Construction, August 2015 – Present

International Journal of Project Organization and Management, April 2015 – Present

Global Journal of Engineering Science and Researches, July 2014 – Present

Consultancy Work

June 2008-June 2010, Nanjing Metro Co. Ltd, China

Refereed Conferences

1. Zhao, X., Pienaar, J., and Martin, F. (2018). Rethinking progression of engineering students: influential factors. Proceedings of the 29th Australasian Association for Engineering Education Conference (AAEE2018), 9-12 December, Hamilton, New Zealand, 7 pages.

2. Zhao, X. (2018). Modelling risk paths for BIM adoption in Singapore. Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE 2018)- Life-Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision, 28-31 October, Ghent, Belgium, 2557-2563.

3. Zhao, X., and Wu, G. (2018). Current state of BIM adoption in China: empirical analysis. Proceedings of the 23rd International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate (CRIOCM 2018), 24-27 August, Guiyang, 8 pages.

4. Zhao, X., and Wu, G. (2017). Assessing risks associated with BIM adoption: An empirical study in China. Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management (ICCREM 2017), 11-12 November, Guangzhou, China, 47-57.

5. Zhao, X., and Pienaar, J. (2017). Critical Barriers to BIM Adoption in the Chinese Architectural, Engineering and Construction Industry. Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Innovative Production and Construction (IPC 2017), 30 November-1 December, Perth, Australia, 7 pages.

6. Zhao, X., Pienaar, J., and Gao, S. (2018). Critical risks associated with BIM adoption: a case of Singapore. Proceedings of the 21st International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate (CRIOCM 2016), 14-17 December, 2016, Hong Kong, 585-596.

7. Pienaar, J., Zhao, X., and Adams, N. (2018). Investigating the relationship between student characteristics and progression: an archive study. Proceedings of the 21st International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate (CRIOCM 2016), 14-17 December, 2016, Hong Kong, 945-955.

8. Zhao, X., Pienaar, J., and Singhaputtangkul, N. (2016). A review of the risks associated with building information modelling adoption. Proceedings of the 40th Australasian Universities Building Education Association Conference (AUBEA 2016), 6-8 July, Cairns, Australia, 10-23.

9. Singhaputtangkul, N., Pienaar, J., Zhao, X., and Adams, N. (2016). Conceptual framework to improve big data flow in a construction project. Proceedings of the 40th Australasian Universities Building Education Association Conference (AUBEA 2016), 6-8 July, Cairns, Australia, 24-34.

10. Miles, T. O., Zuo, J., Jin, X., Feng, Y., and Zhao, X. (2016). Critical factors for contaminated site remediation in commercial construction projects: a South Australian study. Proceedings of the 40th Australasian Universities Building Education Association Conference (AUBEA 2016), 6-8 July, Cairns, Australia, 703-713.

11. Zhao, X., Hwang, B. G., and Low, S. P. (2016). Hindrances to enterprise risk management in construction firms: An organizational learning perspective. Proceedings of the CIB World Building Congress 2016: Volume III, 30 May-3 June, Tampere, Finland, 69-80.

12. Zhao, X., Gao, S., and Pienaar, J. (2016). What hinders the BIM adoption in Singapore: An empirical study. Proceedings of the CIB World Building Congress 2016: Volume IV, 30 May-3 June, Tampere, Finland, 153-164.

13. Zhao, X., Wu, P., and Pienaar, J. (2015). Drivers for enterprise risk management in Chinese construction firms: An empirical study. Proceedings of the Construction and Building Research Association (COBRA) Conference, 8-10 July, Sydney, Australia, 8 pages.

14. Zhao, X., Hwang, B. G., and See, Y. L. (2015). Green retrofit projects: Risk assessment and mitigation. Proceedings of the 31st Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference (AROCM 2015), 7-9 September, Lincoln, UK, 125-134.

15. Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X., and Leong, L. P. (2015). Schedule management for green building projects in Singapore: schedule delay, causal factors and solutions. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Construction Engineering and Project Management, 11-14 October, Busan, South Korea, 527-531.

16. Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X., and Chin, E. W. Y. (2015). International construction joint ventures with developing countries: Singapore’s case for risk assessment and allocation. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Construction Engineering and Project Management, 11-14 October, Busan, South Korea, 435-439.

17. Singhaputtangkul, N., Zhao, X., and Pienaar, J. (2015). Development of a knowledge-based quality function deployment tool for group decision making. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management & Organizational Learning (ICICKM 2015), 5-6 November, Bangkok, Thailand, 11 pages.

18. Zhao, X., Hwang, B. G., and Low, S. P. (2015). Understanding enterprise risk management maturity in construction firms.Proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate (CRIOCM 2014), 7-9 November 2014, Chongqing, China, 905-915.

19. Zhao, X., Hwang, B. G., and Low, S. P. (2015). Enterprise risk management in construction firms: A propsoed implementation framework.Proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on the Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate (CRIOCM 2014), 7-9 November 2014, Chongqing, China, 917-924.

20. Wu, P., Xia, B., Zhao, X., Pienaar, J. (2014). Defining green road infrastructure projects – a critical review. Proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on the Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate, 7-9 November (CRIOCM 2014), Chongqing, China, 10 pages.

21. Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X., and Yu, G. S. (2014). Risk assessment in underground rail international construction joint ventures in Singapore. Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure, 6-8 November, Long Beach, CA, US, 264-273.

22. Zhao, X., Hwang, B. G., and Low, S. P. (2013) Exploring critical success factors for enterprise risk management in Chinese construction firms. Proceedings of the 19th CIB World Building Congress, 5-9 May, Brisbane, Australia, 12 pages.

23. Zhao, X., Hwang, B. G., and Gay, M. J. S. (2013) Identifying critical risks in public private partnership projects in Singapore. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Construction Engineering and Project Management, 9-11 January, Orange County, CA, US, 7 pages.

24. Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X., and Ng, S. Y. (2013) An analysis of factors affecting schedule performance of public housing projects: Case of Singapore.Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Construction Engineering and Project Management, 9-11 January, Orange County, CA, US, 7 pages.

25. Zhao, X., Hwang, B. G., and Low, S. P. (2012) Implementing enterprise risk management in a Chinese construction firm based in Singapore. Proceedings of World Construction Conference 2012,28-30 June, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 434-444.

26. Zhao, X., Hwang, B. G., and Low, S. P. (2011) Enterprise risk management of Chinese construction firms based in Singapore: A research proposal. Proceedings of International Construction Business & Management Symposium 2011, 21-22 September, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 302-310.

27. Zhao, X., and Hua, J. (2009)Research on the life cycle design thinking for public construction projects. Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate (CRIOCM 2009), 29-31 October, Nanjing, China, 1907-1913.

28. Hua, J., Zhao, X., Deng, X., and Li, Q. (2009) Research on near miss monitoring system on the subway construction site. Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate (CRIOCM 2009), 29-31 October, Nanjing, China, 1416-1420.

Refereed Articles

Book

1. Zhao, X., Hwang, B. G., Low, S. P. (2015). Enterprise Risk Management in International Construction Operations. Springer, Singapore. (Hardcover ISBN 978-981-287-548-8; eBook ISBN 978-981-287-549-5)

Peer-Reviewed International Journal Articles (*=corresponding author)

1. Zhao, X.*, Zuo, J., Wu, G., and Huang, C. (2019). A bibliometric review of green building research 2000-2016. Architectural Science Review, 62(1), 74-88. (ERA A; SJR Q1)

2. Zhao, X.*, Wu, P., and Wang, X. (2018). Risk paths in BIM adoption: Empirical study of China. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 25(9), 1170-1187. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

3. Wu, G., Zhao, X*, Zuo, J., and Zillante, G. (2018). Effects of team diversity on project performance in construction projects. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management (ERA A*; SJR Q1) Accepted 31 August 2018

4. Wu, P., Zhao, X.*, Baller, J. H., and Wang, X. (2018). Developing a conceptual framework to improve the implementation of 3D printing technology in the construction industry. Architectural Science Review, 61(3), 133-142. (ERA A; SJR Q1)

5. Xiong, W., Zhao, X.*, and Wang, H. (2018). Information asymmetry in renegotiation of public- private partnership projects. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 32(4), 04018028 (ERA A; SJR Q1)

6. Zuo, J., Zhao, X.*, Nguyen, Q. B. M., Ma, T., and Gao, S. (2018). Soft skills of construction project management professionals and project success: a structural equation model. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 25(3), 425-442. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

7. Wu, G., Zhao, X., Zuo, J., and Zillante, G. (2018). Effects of contractual flexibility on conflict and project success in megaprojects. International Journal of Conflict Management, 29(2): 253-278. (ERA B; SJR Q1)

8. Zhang, N., Deng, X., Zhao, X. and Chang, T. (2018). Exploring the sources of contractors' competitive advantage on international HSR construction projects. International Journal of Civil Engineering (SJR Q2) Accepted 5 Nov 2018

9. Zhang, S., Duan, H., Zhao, X., Xia, B., Feng, Y. and Galvin, S. (2018). Learning on rework management of construction projects: a case study. International Journal of Construction Management, Doi: 10.1080/15623599.2018.1521361. (ERA B; SJR Q2)

10. Yang, X., Zhang, J., and Zhao, X. (2018). Factors affecting green residential building development: social network analysis. Sustainability, 10(5), 1389. (SJR Q2)

11. Du, J., Wu. H., and Zhao, X. (2018). Critical factors on the capital structure of public private partnership projects: a sustainability perspective. Sustainability, 10(6), 2066. (SJR Q2)

12. Deng, X., Low, S. P., Zhao, X., and Chang, T. (2018). Identifying micro variables contributing to political risks in international construction projects. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 25(3), 317-334. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

13. Chang, T., Hwang, B. G., Deng, X., and Zhao, X. (2018). Identifying political risk management strategies in international construction projects. Advances in Civil Engineering, 2018, 1016384.

14. Wu, G., Qiang, G., Zuo, J., Zhao, X., and Chang, R. (2018). What are the key indicators of mega sustainable construction projects? –a stakeholder-indicator network perspective. Sustainability, 10(8), 2939. (SJR Q2)

15. Yuan, J., Li, W., Guo, J., Zhao, X., and Skibniewski, M. J. (2018). Social risk factors of transportation PPP projects in China: a sustainable development perspective. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(7), 1323. (SJR Q2)

16. Wu, P., Song, Y., Wang, J, Wang, X., Zhao, X., and He, Q. (2018). Regional variations of credits obtained by LEED 2009 certified green buildings - a country level analysis. Sustainability, 10(1), 20. (SJR Q2)

17. Zhao, X.* (2017). A scientometric review of global BIM research: analysis and visualization. Automation in Construction, 80, 37-47. (ERA A; SJR Q1)

18. Zhao, X., Feng, Y., Pienaar, J., and O’Brien, D. (2017). Modelling paths of risks associated with BIM implementation in architectural, engineering and construction projects. Architectural Science Review, 60(6), 472-482. (ERA A; SJR Q1)

19. Wu, G., Zhao, X.* and Zuo, J. (2017). Relationship between project's added value and the trust-conflict interaction among project teams. Journal of Management in Engineering, 33(4), 04017011. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

20. Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X.*, and Chin, E. W. Y. (2017). International construction joint ventures between Singapore and developing countries: Risk assessment and allocation preferences. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 24(2), 209-228. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

21. Pienaar, J., and Zhao, X.* (2017). Factors influencing student progression in built environment and engineering programs: a case of Central Queensland University. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 143(4), 05017005. (ERA B; SJR Q1)

22. Wu, G., Zhao, X.*, and Zuo, J. (2017). Effects of inter-organizational conflicts on construction project added value in China. International Journal of Conflict Management, 28(5), 695-723. (ERA B; SJR Q1)

23. Xiong, W., Zhao, X., Yuan, J. F., Luo, S. (2017). Ex post risk management in public private partnerships infrastructure projects. Project Management Journal, 48(3), 76-89. (ERA B; SJR Q1)

24. Liu, J., Zhao, X., and Li, Y. (2017). Exploring the factors inducing contractors' unethical behavior: The case of China. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 143(3), 04016023. (ERA B; SJR Q1)

25. Jiang, W., Zhao, X., and Ni, J. (2017). The impact of transformational leadership on employee sustainable performance: the mediating role of organizational citizenship behavior. Sustainability, 9(9), 1567. (SJR Q2)

26. Jiang, W., Zhao, X., and Zuo, J. (2017). (Dis)trust, control and project success: from a Chinese project owner’s perspective. Sustainability, 9(11), 1936. (SJR Q2)

27. Wu, G., Liu, C., Zhao, X.*, and Zuo, J. (2017). Investigating the relationship between communication-conflict interaction and project success among construction project teams. International Journal of Project Management, 35(8), 1466-1482. (ERA A; SJR Q1)

28. Wu, G., Duan, K., Zuo, J., Zhao, X., and Tang, D. (2017). Integrated sustainability assessment of public rental housing community based on a hybrid method of AHP-entropy weight and cloud model. Sustainability, 9(4), 603. (SJR Q2)

29. Wu, G., Zuo, J., and Zhao, X. (2017). Incentive model based on cooperative relationship in sustainable construction projects. Sustainability, 9(7), 1191. (SJR Q2)

30. Shi, L., Wang, J., Zhang, G., Cheng, X. and Zhao, X. (2017). A risk assessment method to quantitatively investigate the methane explosion in underground coal mine. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 107, 317-333. (ERA B; SJR Q1)

31. Jia, R., Li, Q., Deng, X., Zhao, X., and Yuan, J. (2017). Entry mode taxonomy and choice of Chinese international construction companies. Journal of Management in Engineering, 33(3), 04016058 (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

32. Zhao, X.*, Hwang, B. G., and Gao, Y. (2016). A fuzzy synthetic evaluation approach for risk assessment: A case of Singapore's green projects. Journal of Cleaner Production, 115, 203-213. (ERA A; SJR Q1) Highly Cited Paper in May/June 2018

33. Zhao, X*, Hwang, B. G., and Lee, H. N. (2016). Identifying critical leadership styles of project managers for green building projects. International Journal of Construction Management, 16(2), 150-160. (ERA B; SJR Q2)

34. Zhao, X*, and Singhaputtangkul, N. (2016). Effects of firm characteristics on enterprise risk management: Case study of Chinese construction firms operating in Singapore. Journal of Management in Engineering, 32(4), 05016008. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

35. Zhao, X.*, Hwang, B. G., and Low, S. P. (2016). An enterprise risk management knowledge-based decision support system for construction firms. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 23(3), 369-384. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

36. Liu, J., Zhao, X., and Yan, P. (2016). Risk paths in international construction projects: Case study from Chinese contractors. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 142(6), 05016002. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

37. Singhaputtangkul, N, and Zhao, X. (2016). Applying a fuzzy consensus scheme to enhance the group decision making of a building envelope design team. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 142(8), 04016025. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

38. Zhu, L., Zhao, X., and Chua, D. K. H. (2016). Agent-based debt terms' bargaining model to improve negotiation inefficiency in PPP projects. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 30(6), 04016014. (ERA A; SJR Q1)

39. Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X.*, and Yu, G. S. (2016). Risk identification and allocation in underground rail construction joint ventures: Contractors’ perspective.Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 22(6), 758-767. (ERA C; SJR Q1)

40. Zhao, X.*, Hwang, B. G., Low, S. P., and Wu, P. (2015). Reducing hindrances to enterprise risk management in construction firms. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 141(3), 04014083. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

41. Zhao, X.*, Hwang, B. G., and Low, S. P. (2015). Enterprise risk management in international construction firms: Drivers and hindrances. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 22(3), 347-366. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

42. Hwang, B. G., and Zhao, X.* (2015). Review of global performance measurement and benchmarking initiatives. International Journal of Construction Management, 15(4), 265-275. (ERA B; SJR Q2)

43. Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X.*, and Tan, L. L. G. (2015). Green building projects: Schedule performance, influential factors and solutions. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 22(3), 327-346. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

44. Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X., See, Y. L., and Zhong, Y. (2015). Addressing risks in green retrofit projects: The case of Singapore. Project Management Journal, 46(4), 76-89. (ERA B; SJR Q1)

45. Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X.*, and Ong, S. Y. (2015). Value management in Singaporean building projects: Implementation status, critical success factors, and risk factors. Journal of Management in Engineering, 31(6), 04014094. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

46. Zhao, X.*, Hwang, B. G., and Low, S. P. (2014). Investigating enterprise risk management maturity in construction firms. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management,140(8), 05014006. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

47. Zhao, X.*, Hwang, B. G., and Low, S. P. (2014). Enterprise risk management implementation in construction firms: An organizational change perspective. Management Decision, 52(5), 814-833. (SJR Q1)

48. Zhao, X., Hwang, B. G., and Phng, W. (2014).Construction project risk management in Singapore: Resources, effectiveness, impact, and understanding. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 18(1), 27-36. (ERA C; SJR Q3)

49. Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X.*, and Van, D. T. H. (2014). Influence of trade-level coordination problems on project productivity. Project Management Journal, 45(5), 5-14. (ERA B; SJR Q1)

50. Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X.*, and Toh, L. P. (2014). Risk management in small construction projects in Singapore: Status, barriers and impact.International Journal of Project Management, 32(1), 116-124. (ERA A; SJR Q1)

51. Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X.*, and Goh, K. J. (2014). Investigating the client-related rework in building projects: The case of Singapore. International Journal of Project Management, 32(4), 698-708. (ERA A; SJR Q1)

52. Deng, X, Low, S. P., and Zhao, X. (2014). Project system vulnerability to political risks in international construction projects: The case of Chinese contractors. Project Management Journal, 45(2), 20-33. (ERA B; SJR Q1)

53. Deng, X., Low, S. P., Li, Q., and Zhao, X. (2014). Developing competitive advantages in political risk management for international construction enterprises. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 140(9), 04014040. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

54. Wu, P., Xia, B., Pienaar, J., and Zhao, X. (2014). The past, present and future of carbon labelling for construction materials - a review. Building and Environment, 77, 160-168. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

55. Wu, P., Xia, B., and Zhao, X. (2014). The importance of use and end-of-life phases to the life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of concrete - A review. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 37, 360-369. (SJR Q1)

56. Zhao, X.*, Hwang, B. G., and Low, S. P. (2013). Developing fuzzy enterprise risk management maturity model for construction firms. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 139(9), 1179–1189. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

57. Zhao, X., Hwang, B. G., and Yu, G. S. (2013).Identifying the critical risks in underground rail international construction joint ventures: Case study of Singapore. International Journal of Project Management, 31(4), 554–566. (ERA A; SJR Q1)

58. Zhao, X.*, Hwang, B. G., Low, S. P., (2013). Critical success factors for enterprise risk management in Chinese construction companies. Construction Management and Economics, 31(12), 1199-1214. (ERA A; SJR Q1)

59. Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X.*, and Ng, S. Y. (2013). Identifying the critical factors affecting schedule performance of public housing projects. Habitat International, 38, 214-221. (ERA A; SJR Q1)

60. Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X.*, and Gay, M. J. S. (2013). Public private partnership projects in Singapore: Factors, critical risks and preferred risk allocation from the perspective of contractors. International Journal of Project Management, 31(3), 424-433. (ERA A*; SJR Q1)

Conference Presentations

Hindrances to enterprise risk management in construction firms: An organizational learning perspective. CIB World Building Congress 2016, 30 May-3 June, Tampere, Finland.

What hinders the BIM adoption in Singapore: An empirical study. CIB World Building Congress 2016, 30 May-3 June, Tampere, Finland

Green retrofit projects: Risk assessment and mitigation. The 31st Annual ARCOM Conference, 7-9 September, Lincoln, UK.

Understanding enterprise risk management maturity in Chinese construction firms, The 19th International Symposium on the Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate, 7-9 November 2014, Chongqing, China.

Exploring critical success factors for enterprise risk management in Chinese construction firms,The 19th CIB World Building Congress, 5-9 May 2013, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.

Implementing enterprise risk management in a Chinese construction firm based in Singapore,World Construction Conference 2012, 28-30 June 2012, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Enterprise risk management of Chinese construction firms based in Singapore: A research proposal,International Construction Business & Management Symposium 2011, 21-22 September 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Research Interests

Enterprise/Project risk management; Sustainable construction and green building; Construction rework and productivity; Partnering and public-private partnership (PPP)

BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN
Building - Building Construction Management and Project Planning
My areas: Construction risk management, construction productivity and rework, sustainable construction.
BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN
Building - Building Construction Management and Project Planning
Enterprise/Project risk management; Building Information Modelling (BIM); Sustainable construction and green building; Construction rework and productivity; Partnering and public-private partnership (PPP)
Journal article

Zhao, X., Zuo, J., Wu, G., & Huang, C. (2019). A bibliometric review of green building research 2000–2016. Architectural Science Review, 62(1), 74-88. doi:10.1080/00038628.2018.1485548

Link to ACQUIRE

Si, H., Shi, J. G., Wu, G., Chen, J., & Zhao, X. (2019). Mapping the bike sharing research published from 2010 to 2018: A scientometric review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 213, 415-427. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.12.157

Zhang, N., Deng, X., Zhao, X., & Chang, T. (2018). Exploring the Sources of Contractors’ Competitive Advantage on International HSR Construction Projects. International Journal of Civil Engineering, 1-15. doi:10.1007/s40999-018-0373-1

Wu, G., Qiang, G., Zuo, J., Zhao, X., & Chang, R. (2018). What are the key indicators of mega sustainable construction projects? A stakeholder-network perspective. Sustainability, 10(8), 1-18. doi:10.3390/su10082939

Link to ACQUIRE

Chang, T., Hwang, B. G., Deng, X., & Zhao, X. (2018). Identifying political risk management strategies in international construction projects. Advances in Civil Engineering, 2018, 1-11. doi:10.1155/2018/1016384

Link to ACQUIRE

Yuan, J., Li, W., Guo, J., Zhao, X., & Skibniewski, M. J. (2018). Social risk factors of transportation PPP projects in China: A sustainable development perspective. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(7), 1-25. doi:10.3390/ijerph15071323

Link to ACQUIRE

Du, J., Wu, H., & Zhao, X. (2018). Critical factors on the capital structure of public-private partnership projects: A sustainability perspective. Sustainability, 10(6), 1-27. doi:10.3390/su10062066

Link to ACQUIRE

Xiong, W.., Zhao, X., & Wang, H.. (2018). Information asymmetry in renegotiation of public-private partnership projects. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 32(4), 04018028-1-04018028-11. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CP.1943-5487.0000763

Link to ACQUIRE

Yang, X., Zhang, J., & Zhao, X. (2018). Factors affecting green residential building development: Social network analysis. Sustainability, 10(5), 1-21. doi:10.3390/su10051389

Link to ACQUIRE

Wu, P., Zhao, X., Baller, J. H., & Wang, X. (2018). Developing a conceptual framework to improve the implementation of 3D printing technology in the construction industry. Architectural Science Review, 61(3), 133-142. doi:10.1080/00038628.2018.1450727

Link to ACQUIRE

Zhao, X., Feng, Y., Yang, D., & Zhao, D. (2018). Advanced management in civil engineering projects. Advances in Civil Engineering, 2018, 1-2. doi:10.1155/2018/6717964

Wu, G., Zhao, X., Zuo, J., & Zillante, G. (2018). Effects of contractual flexibility on conflict and project success in megaprojects. International Journal of Conflict Management, 29(2), 253-278. doi:10.1108/IJCMA-06-2017-0051

Link to ACQUIRE

Deng, X., Low, S. P., Zhao, X., & Chang, T. (2018). Identifying micro variables contributing to political risks in international construction projects. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 25(3), 317-334. doi:10.1108/ECAM-02-2017-0042

Link to ACQUIRE

Zhang, S., Duan, H., Zhao, X., Xia, B., Feng, Y., & Galvin, S. (2018). Learning on rework management of construction projects: a case study. The International Journal of Construction Management, 1-15. doi:10.1080/15623599.2018.1521361

Wu, P., Song, Y., Wang, J., Wang, X., Zhao, X., & He, Q. (2018). Regional variations of credits obtained by LEED 2009 certified green buildings: A country level analysis. Sustainability, 10(1), 1-18. doi:10.3390/su10010020

Link to ACQUIRE

Zhao, X., Wu, P., & Wang, X. (2018). Risk paths in BIM adoption: Empirical study of China. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 25(9), 1170-1187. doi:10.1108/ECAM-08-2017-0169

Link to ACQUIRE

Zuo, J., Zhao, X., Nguyen, Q. B. M., Ma, T., & Gao, S. (2018). Soft skills of construction project management professionals and project success factors: A structural equation model. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 25(3), 425-442. doi:10.1108/ECAM-01-2016-0016

Link to ACQUIRE

Wu, G., Liu, C., Zhao, X., & Zuo, J. (2017). Investigating the relationship between communication-conflict interaction and project success among construction project teams. International Journal of Project Management, 35(8), 1466-1482. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2017.08.006

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Jiang, W., Zhao, X., & Zuo, J. (2017). (Dis)trust, control, and project success: From a Chinese project owner’s perspective. Sustainability, 9(11), 1-16. doi:10.3390/su9111936

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Pienaar, J., & Zhao, X. (2017). Factors influencing student progression in built environment and engineering programs: Case of Central Queensland University. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 143(4), 05017005-1-05017005-9. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)EI.1943-5541.0000341

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Zhao, X. (2017). A scientometric review of global BIM research: Analysis and visualization. Automation in Construction, 80, 37-47. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2017.04.002

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Wu, G., Zuo, J., & Zhao, X. (2017). Incentive model based on cooperative relationship in sustainable construction projects. Sustainability, 9(7), 1-20. doi:10.3390/su9071191

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Wu, G., Zhao, X., & Zuo, J. (2017). Relationship between project’s added value and the trust–conflict interaction among project teams. Journal of Management in Engineering, 33(4), 1-13. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000525

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Xiong, W., Zhao, X., Yuan, J. F., & Luo, S. (2017). Ex post risk management in public-private partnership infrastructure projects. Project Management Journal, 48(3), 76-89. Retrieved from https://www.pmi.org/

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Shi, L., Wang, J., Zhang, G., Cheng, X., & Zhao, X. (2017). A risk assessment method to quantitatively investigate the methane explosion in underground coal mine. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 107, 317-333. doi:10.1016/j.psep.2017.02.023

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Hwang, B. -G., Zhao, X., & Chin, E. W. Y. (2017). International construction joint ventures between Singapore and developing countries: Risk assessment and allocation preferences. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 24(2), 209-228. doi:10.1108/ECAM-03-2015-0035

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Wu, G., Zhao, X., & Zuo, J. (2017). Effects of inter-organizational conflicts on construction project added value in China. International Journal of Conflict Management, 28(5), 695-723. doi:10.1108/IJCMA-03-2017-0025

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Jia, R., Li, Q., Deng, X., Zhao, X., & Yuan, J. (2017). Entry mode taxonomy and choice of Chinese international construction companies. Journal of Management in Engineering, 33(3), 04016058-1-04016058-11. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000506

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Liu, J., Zhao, X., & Li, Y. (2017). Exploring the factors inducing contractors’ unethical behavior: Case of China. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 143(3), 04016023-1-04016023-10. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)EI.1943-5541.0000316

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Wu, G., Duan, K., Zuo, J., Zhao, X., & Tang, D. (2017). Integrated sustainability assessment of public rental housing community based on a hybrid method of AHP-Entropy Weight and Cloud Model. Sustainability, 9(4), 1-25. doi:10.3390/su9040603

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Zhao, X., Feng, Y., Pienaar, J., & O'Brien, D. (2017). Modelling paths of risks associated with BIM implementation in architectural, engineering and construction projects. Architectural Science Review, 60(6), 472-482. doi:10.1080/00038628.2017.1373628

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Jiang, W., Zhao, X., & Ni, J. (2017). The impact of transformational leadership on employee sustainable performance: The mediating role of organizational citizenship behavior. Sustainability, 9(9), 1-17. doi:10.3390/su9091567

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Gao, Y. (2016). A fuzzy synthetic evaluation approach for risk assessment: a case of Singapore’s green projects. Journal of cleaner production., 115, 203-213. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.11.042

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Zhu, L., Zhao, X., & Chua, D. H. K. (2016). Agent-based debt terms’ bargaining model to improve negotiation inefficiency in PPP projects. Journal of computing in civil engineering., (2016), 1-11. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CP.1943-5487.0000571

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Low, S. P. (2016). An enterprise risk management knowledge-based decision support system for construction firms. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management., 23(3), 369-384. doi:10.1108/ECAM-03-2015-0042

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Singhaputtangkul, N., & Zhao, X. (2016). Applying a fuzzy consensus scheme to enhance the group decision making of a building envelope design team. Journal of construction engineering and management., (2016), 04016025-1-04016025-11. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001142

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Zhao, X., & Singhaputtangkul, N. (2016). Effects of firm characteristics on enterprise risk management : case study of Chinese construction firms operating in Singapore. Journal of management in engineering., 32(4), 05016008-1-05016008-9. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000434

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Lee, H. N. (2016). Identifying critical leadership styles of project managers for green building projects. International journal of construction management., 16(2), 150-160. doi:10.1080/15623599.2015.1130602

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Hwang, B. -G., Zhao, X., & Yu, G. S. (2016). Risk identification and allocation in underground rail construction joint ventures: contractors' perspective. Journal of civil engineering and management., 22(6), 758-767. doi:10.3846/13923730.2014.914095

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Liu, J., Zhao, X., & Yan, P. (2016). Risk paths in international construction projects: Case study from Chinese contractors. Journal of construction engineering and management., 142(6), 1-11. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001116

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Hwang, B. -G., Zhao, X., See, Y. L., & Zhong, Y. (2015). Addressing risks in green retrofit projects : the case of Singapore. Project management journal., 46(4), 76-89. doi:10.1002/pmj.21512

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Low, S. P. (2015). Enterprise risk management in international construction firms : drivers and hindrances. Engineering, construction and architectural management., 22(3), 347-366. doi:10.1108/ECAM-09-2014-0117

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Hwang, B. -G., Zhao, X., & Tan, L. L. G. (2015). Green building projects : schedule performance, influential factors and solutions. Engineering, construction and architectural management., 22(3), 327-346. doi:10.1108/ECAM-07-2014-0095

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., Low, S. P., & Wu, P. (2015). Reducing hindrances to enterprise risk management implementation in construction firms. Journal of construction engineering and management., 141(3), 1-10. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000945

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Hwang, B. -G., & Zhao, X. (2015). Review of global performance measurement and benchmarking initiatives. International journal of construction management., (2015), 1-11. doi:10.1080/15623599.2015.1083410

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Phng, W. (2014). Construction project risk management in Singapore : resources, effectiveness, impact, and understanding. KSCE journal of civil engineering., 18(1), 27-36. doi:10.1007/s12205-014-0045-x

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Deng, X. P., Low, S. P., Li, Q., & Zhao, X. (2014). Developing competitive advantages in political risk management for international construction enterprises. Journal of construction engineering and management., (2014), 01014040-1-01014040-10. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000836

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Low, S. P. (2014). Enterprise risk management implementation in construction firms: an organizational change perspective. Management decision., 52(5), 814-833. doi:10.1108/MD-02-2014-0082

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Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X., & Do, T. H. V. (2014). Influence of trade-level coordination problems on project productivity. Project management journal., 45(5), 5-14. doi:10.1002/pmj.21445

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Low, S. P. (2014). Investigating enterprise risk management maturity in construction firms. Journal of construction engineering and management., 140(8), 1-10. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000873

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Hwang, B. -G., Zhao, X., & Goh, K. J. (2014). Investigating the client-related rework in building projects : the case of Singapore. International journal of project management., 32(4), 698-708. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2013.08.009

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Deng, X. P., Low, S. P., & Zhao, X. (2014). Project system vulnerability to political risks in international construction projects : the case of Chinese contractors. Project management journal., 45(2), 20-33. doi:10.1002/pmj.21397

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Hwang, B. -G., Zhao, X., & Toh, L. P. (2014). Risk management in small construction projects in Singapore : status, barriers and impact. International journal of project management., 32(1), 116-124. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2013.01.007

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Wu, P., Xia, B., & Zhao, X. (2014). The importance of use and end-of-life phases to the life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of concrete : a review. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews., 37, 360-369. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2014.04.070

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Wu, P., Xia, B., Pienaar, J., & Zhao, X. (2014). The past, present and future of carbon labelling for construction materials : a review. Building and environment., 77, 160-168. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2014.03.023

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Hwang, B. -G., Zhao, X., & Ong, S. Y. (2014). Value management in Singaporean building projects : implementation status, critical success factors, and risk factors. Journal of management in engineering., (2014), 1-10. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000342

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Low, S. P. (2013). Critical success factors for enterprise risk management in Chinese construction companies. Construction management and economics., 31(12), 1199-1214. doi:10.1080/01446193.2013.867521

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Low, S. P. (2013). Developing fuzzy enterprise risk management maturity model for construction firms. Journal of construction engineering and management., 139(9), 1179-1189. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000712

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Hwang, B. -G., Zhao, X., & Ng, S. Y. (2013). Identifying the critical factors affecting schedule performance of public housing projects. Habitat international., 38, 214-221. doi:10.1016/j.habitatint.2012.06.008

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Yu, G. S. (2013). Identifying the critical risks in underground rail international construction joint ventures : case study of Singapore. International Journal of Project Management., 31(4), 554-566. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2012.10.014

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Hwang, B. -G., Zhao, X., & Gay, M. J. S. (2013). Public private partnership projects in Singapore : factors, critical risks and preferred risk allocation from the perspective of contractors. International journal of project management., 31(3), 424-433. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2012.08.003

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Conference paper

Zhao, X., Pienaar, J., & Martin, F. (2018). Rethinking progression of engineering students: Influential factors. In J. Swan, & T. Harris (Eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Australasian Association for Engineering Education Conference (AAEE2018) (pp. 1-7). Hamilton, NZ: University of Waikato. Retrieved from https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/

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Zhao, X., Pienaar, J., & Gao, S. (2018). Critical risks associated with BIM adoption: A case of Singapore. In K. W. Chau, I. Y. S. Chan, W. Lu, & C. Webster (Eds.), Proceedings of the 21st International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate (pp. 585-596). Singapore: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-981-10-6190-5_53

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Pienaar, J., Zhao, X., & Adams, N. (2018). Investigating the relationship between student characteristics and progression: An archive study. In K. W. Chau, I. Y. S. Chan, W. Lu, & C. Webster (Eds.), Proceedings of the 21st International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate (pp. 945-955). Singapore: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-981-10-6190-5_85

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Zhao, X., & Wu, G. (2017). Assessing risks associated with BIM adoption: An empirical study in China. In Y. Wang, Y. Pang, G. Q. P. Shen, & Y. Zhu (Eds.), ICCREM 2017 Prefabricated buildings, industrialized construction, and public-private partnerships : proceedings of the International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management 2017 (pp. 47-57). Reston, Virginia, USA: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi:10.1061/9780784481080.006

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Zhao, X., Pienaar, J., & Singhaputtangkul, N. (2016). A review of the risks associated with building information modelling adoption. In Proceedings of The 40th Australasian Universities Building Education Association Conference, 6-8 July 2016, Cairns, Australia. (pp. 10-23). North Rockhampton, Qld.: Central Queensland University. Retrieved from http://aubea.org/

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Singhaputtangkul, N., Pienaar, J., Zhao, X., & Adams, N. M. (2016). Conceptual framework to improve big data flow in a construction project. In Proceedings of The 40th Australasian Universities Building Education Association Conference, 6-8 July 2016, Cairns, Australia. (pp. 24-34). North Rockhampton, Qld.: Central Queensland University. Retrieved from http://aubea.org/

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Miles, T. O., Zuo, J., Jin, X., Feng, Y., & Zhao, X. (2016). Critical factors for contaminated site remediation in commercial construction projects: A South Australian study. In Proceedings of The 40th Australasian Universities Building Education Association Conference, 6-8 July 2016, Cairns, Australia. (pp. 703-713). North Rockhampton, Qld.: Central Queensland University.

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Low, S. P. (2016). Hindrances to enterprise risk management in construction firms : an organizational learning perspective. In Proceedings of the CIB World Building Congress 2016, Volume III, 30 May-3 June, Tampere, Finland (pp. 69-80). Tampere, Finland: Tampere University of Technology. Retrieved from http://www.wbc16.com/wbc16/welcome.html

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Zhao, X., Gao, S., & Pienaar, J. (2016). What hinders the BIM adoption in Singapore: An empirical study. In Proceedings of the CIB World Building Congress 2016, Volume IV, 30 May-3 June, Tampere, Finland (pp. 153-164). Tampere, Finland: Tampere University of Technology. Retrieved from http://www.wbc16.com/wbc16/welcome.html

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Wu, P., Xia, B., Zhao, X., & Pienaar, J. (2015). Defining green road infrastructure projects : a critical review. In Proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate (pp. 125-134). Berlin, Germany: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-662-46994-1

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Singhaputtangkul, N., Zhao, X., & Pienaar, J. (2015). Development of a knowledge-based quality Function Deployment tool for group decision making. In Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Intellectual Capital Knowledge Management & Organisational Learning (ICICKM 2015), Bangkok, Thailand, 5-6 November 2015 (pp. 250-258). Reading, UK: Academic Conferences and Publishing International.

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Zhao, X., Wu, P., & Pienaar, J. (2015). Drivers for enterprise risk management in Chinese construction firms: an empirical study. In Proceedings of the 2015 Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors annual conference (COBRA AUBEA 2015), 8-10 July 2015, Sydney, Australia. (pp. 1-8). London, UK: Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. Retrieved from http://www.rics.org/au/knowledge/research/conference-papers

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Low, S. P. (2015). Enterprise risk management in construction firms: A proposed implementation framework. In L. Shen, K. Ye, & C. Mao (Eds.), Proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate (pp. 917-924). Berlin: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-662-46994-1

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & See, Y. L. (2015). Green retrofit projects : risk assessment and mitigation. In Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM) : Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference, University of Reading, Lincoln, UK. (pp. 125-134). UK: ARCOM. Retrieved from http://www.arcom.ac.uk/conf-intro.php

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Hwang, B. -G., Zhao, X., & Chin, E. W. Y. (2015). International construction joint ventures with developing countries : Singapore’s case for risk assessment and allocation. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Construction Engineering and Project Management. (pp. 435-439). Korea: Korea Institute of Construction Engineering and Management (KICEM). Retrieved from http://www.iccepm2015.org/

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Hwang, B. -G., Zhao, X., & Leong, L. P. (2015). Schedule management for green building projects in Singapore : schedule delay, causal factors and solutions. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Construction Engineering and Project Management, Global Collaboration for Asia's Construction Challenges, 11-14 October, Busan, Korea (pp. 527-531). Korea: Korea Institute of Construction Engineering and Management (KICEM). Retrieved from http://www.iccepm2015.org/

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Low, S. P. (2015). Understanding enterprise risk management maturity in construction firms. In Proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on advancement of construction management and real estate, 7-9 November, Chongqing, China. (pp. 1-11). Berlin: Springer. Retrieved from http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783662469934

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Hwang, B. -G., Zhao, X., & Yu, G. S. (2014). Risk assessment in underground rail international construction joint ventures in Singapore. In ICSI 2014 : Creating infrastructure for a sustainable world, proceedings of the 2014 international conference on sustainable infrastructure, Long Beach, California, November 6-8, 2014 (pp. 264-273). Reston, VA, United States: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi:10.1061/9780784478745.023

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Hwang, B. -G., Zhao, X., & Ng, S. Y. (2013). An analysis of factors affecting schedule performance of public housing projects : case of Singapore. In Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Construction Engineering and Project Management (ICCEPM 2013) (pp. 1-7). Busan, South Korea: Korean Institute of Construction Engineering and Management. Retrieved from https://www.kicem.or.kr/html/sub04_01.jsp?ncode=c0025&num=172

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Low, S. P. (2013). Exploring critical success factors for enterprise risk management in Chinese construction firms. In Proceedings of the 19th CIB World Building Congress 2013 : construction and society (WBC13), 5-9 May 2013, Brisbane, Australia (pp. 1-12). Brisbane, Qld.: Queensland University of Technology. Retrieved from http://www.conference.net.au/cibwbc13/index.php

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Gay, M. J. S. (2013). Identifying critical risks in public private partnership projects in Singapore. In Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Construction Engineering and Project Management (ICCEPM 2013), 9-11 January 2013, Anaheim, USA. (pp. 1-7). Korea: Korea Institute of Construction Engineering and Management.

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Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Low, S. P. (2012). Implementing enterprise risk management in a Chinese construction firm based in Singapore. In Proceedings of the World Construction Conference 2012 : Global Challenges in Construction Industry, 28-30 June 2012, Colombo, Sri Lanka. (pp. 434-444). Colombo, Sri Lanka: Ceylon Institute of Builders.

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Hua, J., Zhao, X., Deng, X. P., & Li, Q. M. (2009). Research on Near Miss Monitoring System on the Subway Construction Site. In 14th International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate (CRIOCM2009) (pp. 1416-1420). HONG KONG: HONG KONG POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY.

Zhao, X., & Hua, J. (2009). Research on the life cycle design thinking for public construction projects. In 14th International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate (CRIOCM 2009) (pp. 1907-1913). Hong Kong: Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

Book

Zhao, X., Hwang, B. -G., & Low, S. P. (2015). Enterprise risk management in international construction operations. Singapore: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-981-287-549-5

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Higher Education
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