Dr Bradley Smith Psychology and Public Health / School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences
Senior Lecturer/ Head of Course - Psychology
Phone: (08) 8378 4561 - Ext: 54561
- LinkedIn: au.linkedin.com/pub/bradley-smith/20/175/952/
- Twitter: @howlingdingo
- Alternative Phone: www.howlingdingo.com.au
- Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com.au/citations?user=t4eVm
- ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Bradley_Smith2
For more information, and to keep up with my research activities, please visit my personal website www.howlingdingo.com.au
I am a comparative psychologist with a specialisation in canine cognition and behaviour. My field of research has covered various topics such as dingo cognition, the history of dingoes and their relationship with Indigenous Australians, the behaviour and enrichment of zoo animals, and non-lethal control of animals. I am also interested in all things relating to human-animal interactions, including human-animal co-sleeping, animal assisted therapy, and managing animals during natural disasters.
I am the editor and primary author of 'The dingo debate' published by CSIRO Publishing, and regularly publish in international peer reviewed scientific journals. I have also written articles for popular magazines, published nature photographs, consulted for the South Australian Government regarding captive dingo displays. I am often asked to provide public comment relating to canids in all forms of media.
I have been lucky enough to have worked with dingoes since 2007. My research with dingoes has included various captive based experiments, as well as observational studies of dingoes on Fraser Island, and research relating to dingoes living around mines in Western Australia. In my award winning doctoral thesis, I demonstrated the dingo’s abilities as a highly social and intelligent top order predator. By showing that dingoes are more wolf-like than dog-like in terms of the way they are built, behave and think, I was able to highlight the effect that domestication has on the cognition of canids and why wolves, dingoes and dogs are so well adapted to their respective natural environments.
I am the scientific director of the Australian Dingo Foundation, and the supervisor of research and ethics at the Dingo Discovery and Research Centre, the largest dingo sanctuary in Australia, and also a scientific advisor to the WA Dingo Association (WADA).
I currently work as a Senior Lecturer at Central Queensland University (Rockhampton campus), where I lecture in psychology and continue to study dingoes and the human-animal relationship. I am also an Adjunct Associate Lecturer at the University of Adelaide (School of Veterinary Science).
Smith, B. (2010). ‘Cognition and behaviour in captive dingoes’ (unpublished doctoral thesis). School of Psychology, University of South Australia, Adelaide.
Smith, B. (2006). 'The effect of environmental enrichment in reducing stereotypic behaviour in captive Australian Sea Lions’ (unpublished honours thesis). School of Psychology, University of South Australia, Adelaide.
- Cvirn, M., Smith, B., Jay, S., Vincent, G., & Ferguson, S. (2015). The impact of temperature on the sleep characteristics of volunteer firefighters during a wildland fireground tour simulation. In: Kennedy G, Sargent, C (Eds). The time of your life. Australian Chronobiology Society, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 18-24.
- Taylor, M., Eustace, G., Smith, B., Thompson, K., Westcott, R., & Burns, P. (2015). Managing animals in disasters (MAiD): Experiences of responders in supporting animals and their owners in disasters - Research Forum paper 2014. In: Proceedings of Bushfire CRC and AFAC 2014 Conference Research Forum, Wellington, New Zealand.
- Christoforou T, Cvirn M, Ferguson SA, Armstrong TA, Smith B. (2013). The effect of sleep restriction and exposure to physical activity on the cognitive ability of volunteer firefighters across a 3-day simulated fire-ground tour. In: Sargent C, Zhou X (Eds). Sleep, performance and well-being in adults and adolescences. Australasian Chronobiology Society, Adelaide, Australia, pp. 13-17.
- Armstrong TA, Cvirn M, Ferguson SA, Christoforou T, Smith B. (2013). Can Australian bush fire fighters accurately self-monitor their cognitive performance during a 3-day simulated fire-ground campaign. In: Sargent C, Zhou X (Eds). Sleep, performance and well-being in adults and adolescences. Australasian Chronobiology Society, Adelaide, Australia, pp. 18-23.
2015-2016 Title: The population, behaviour and management of dingoes living in mine sites.
Investigators: Dr Bradley Smith (CI)
Funding body: Linkage grant: Newcrest Mining, and Central Queensland University Amount: $31,000.
2013 Title: Behavioural development in a unique Australian mammal: the dingo (Canis dingo).
Investigators: Dr Bradley Smith (lead); Prof Clive Wynne (University of Florida) Funding body: Central Queensland University
(Research Development Incentives Program Seed Grant Scheme)/ Black Dog Wear (Private, $1500) Amount: $11,304
Smith, B. P. (2019). Book review of The Domestic Dog: Its evolution, behavior and interactions with people. Second edition. Anthrozoös, 32(5), 719-722. doi:10.1080/08927936.2019.1645518
Edwards, P. T., Hazel, S. J., Browne, M., Serpell, J. A., McArthur, M. L., & Smith, B. P. (2019). Investigating risk factors that predict a dog’s fear during veterinary consultations. PLoS ONE, 14(7), 1-18. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0215416
Ma, C. H. K., Smith, B. P., Wilkes, A. N., & Norris, R. M. (2019). Orbital angle in the Australian dingo. Journal of Morphology, 280(S1), S169-S170. doi:10.1002/jmor.21003
Cvirn, M. A., Dorrian, J., Smith, B. P., Vincent, G. E., Jay, S. M., Roach, G. D., . . . Ferguson, S. A. (2019). The effects of hydration on cognitive performance during a simulated wildfire suppression shift in temperate and hot conditions. Applied Ergonomics, 77, 9-15. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2018.12.018
Edwards, P. T., Smith, B. P., McArthur, M. L., & Hazel, S. J. (2019). Fearful Fido: Investigating dog experience in the veterinary context in an effort to reduce distress. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 213, 14-25. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2019.02.009
Smith, B. P., Cairns, K. M., Adams, J. W., Newsome, T. M., Fillios, M., Déaux, E. C., . . . Crowther, M. S. (2019). Taxonomic status of the Australian dingo: The case for Canis dingo Meyer, 1793. Zootaxa, 4564(1), 173-197. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4564.1.6
Lucas, T., Smith, B. P., Norris, R. M., & Henneberg, M. (2019). Reconstructing body mass of the Australian dingo (Canis dingo) from two simple measurements of the hard palate. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 23, 534-539. doi:10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.11.018
Hudson, R., Rödel, H. G., Elizalde, M. T., Kennedy, G. A., & Smith, B. P. (2019). Diurnal pattern of pre-weaning den visits and nursing in breeding pairs of captive dingoes (Canis dingo). Mammalian Biology, 94, 86-91. doi:10.1016/j.mambio.2018.07.002
Smith, B. P., Morrant, D. S., Vague, A. L., & Doherty, T. S. (2019). High rates of cannibalism and food waste consumption by dingoes living at a remote mining operation in the Great Sandy Desert, Western Australia. Australian Mammalogy, 1-5. doi:10.1071/AM19033
Smith, B. P., Browne, M., Mack, J., & Kontou, T. G. (2018). An exploratory study of human–dog co-sleeping using actigraphy: Do dogs disrupt their owner’s sleep?. Anthrozoos, 31(6), 727-740. doi:10.1080/08927936.2018.1529355
Ritchie, E. G., Smith, B. P., Van Eeden, L. M., & Nimmo, D. G. (2018). Species definitions shape policy. Science, 361(6409), 1324. doi:10.1126/science.aav3437
Van Eeden, L. M., Smith, B. P., Crowther, M. S., Dickman, C. R., & Newsome, T. M. (2018). 'The dingo menace': An historic survey on graziers' management of an Australian carnivore. Pacific Conservation Biology, 1-12. doi:10.1071/PC18031
Byosiere, S. E., Espinosa, J., & Smith, B. P. (2018). The function of play bows in Canis lupus and its variants: A comparison of dingo (Canis lupus dingo), dog (Canis lupus familiaris) and wolf puppies (Canis lupus). Behaviour, 155(5), 369-388. doi:10.1163/1568539X-00003495
Thompson, K., O’Dwyer, L., Bowen, H., & Smith, B. (2018). One dog, but which dog? How researchers guide participants to select dogs in surveys of human–dog relationships. Anthrozoos, 31(2), 195-210. doi:10.1080/08927936.2018.1434057
Thompson, K. R., Haigh, L., & Smith, B. P. (2018). Planned and ultimate actions of horse owners facing a bushfire threat: Implications for natural disaster preparedness and survivability. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 27, 490-498. doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.11.013
Smith, B. P., Vague, A. -L., & Appleby, R. G. (2018). Attitudes towards dingoes (Canis dingo) and their management: A case study from a mining operation in the Great Sandy Desert, Western Australia. Pacific Conservation Biology, 1-14. doi:10.1071/PC18049
Appleby, R., Mackie, J., Smith, B., Bernede, L., & Jones, D. (2018). Human-dingo interactions on Fraser Island: An analysis of serious incident reports. Australian Mammalogy, 40(2), 146-156. doi:10.1071/AM16026
Smith, B. P., & Appleby, R. (2018). Promoting human-dingo co-existence in Australia: Moving towards more innovative methods of protecting livestock rather than killing dingoes (Canis dingo). Wildlife Research, 45(1), 1-15. doi:10.1071/WR16161
Trigg, J., Thompson, K., Smith, B., & Bennett, P. (2017). Archetyping relationships with companion animals to understand disaster risk-taking propensity. Journal of Risk Research, 1-22. doi:10.1080/13669877.2017.1405458
Appleby, R., Smith, B., Bernede, L., & Jones, D. (2017). Utilising aversive conditioning to manage the behaviour of K'gari (Fraser Island) dingoes (Canis dingo). Pacific Conservation Biology, 23(4), 335-358. doi:10.1071/PC17017
Smith, B. P., Hazelton, P. C., Thompson, K. R., Trigg, J. L., Etherton, H. C., & Blunden, S. L. (2017). A multispecies approach to co-sleeping: Integrating human-animal co-sleeping practices into our understanding of human sleep. Human Nature, 28(3), 255-273. doi:10.1007/s12110-017-9290-2
Appleby, R., Smith, B., Mackie, J., Bernede, L., & Jones, D. (2017). Preliminary observations of dingo responses to assumed aversive stimuli. Pacific Conservation Biology, 23(3), 295-301. doi:10.1071/PC17005
Czerwinski, V. H., Smith, B. P., Hynd, P. I., & Hazel, S. J. (2017). Sampling maternal care behaviour in domestic dogs: What's the best approach?. Behavioural Processes, 140, 41-46. doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2017.03.018
Trigg, J., Smith, B., Bennett, P., & Thompson, K. (2017). Developing a scale to understand willingness to sacrifice personal safety for companion animals: The Pet-Owner Risk Propensity Scale (PORPS). International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 21, 205-212. doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.12.004
Smith, B. P., Browne, M., & Serpell, J. A. (2017). Owner-reported behavioural characteristics of dingoes (Canis dingo) living as companion animals: A comparison to ‘modern’ and ‘ancient’ dog breeds. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 187, 77-84. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2016.11.010
Thompson, K., Trigg, J., & Smith, B. (2017). Animal ownership among vulnerable populations in regional South Australia: Implications for natural disaster preparedness and resilience. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, 23(1), 59-63. doi:10.1097/PHH.0000000000000416
Smith, B. P., Lucas, T. A., Norris, R. M., & Henneberg, M. (2017). Brain size/body weight in the dingo (Canis dingo): Comparisons with domestic and wild canids. Australian Journal of Zoology, 65(5), 292-301. doi:10.1071/ZO17040
Czerwinski, V., McArthur, M., Smith, B., Hynd, P., & Hazel, S. (2016). Selection of breeding stock among Australian purebred dog breeders with particular emphasis on the dam. Animals, 6(11), 1-18. doi:10.3390/ani6110075
Hudson, R., Rödel, H. G., Elizalde, M. T., Arteaga, L., Kennedy, G. A., & Smith, B. P. (2016). Pattern of nipple use by puppies: A comparison of the dingo (Canis dingo) and the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 130(3), 269-277. doi:10.1037/com0000023
Smith, B. P., Browne, M., Armstrong, T. A., & Ferguson, S. A. (2016). The accuracy of subjective measures for assessing fatigue related decrements in multi-stressor environments. Safety Science, 86, 238-244. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2016.03.006
Czerwinski, V. H., Smith, B. P., Hynd, P. I., & Hazel, S. J. (2016). The influence of maternal care on stress-related behaviors in domestic dogs: What can we learn from the rodent literature?. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 14, 52-59. doi:10.1016/j.jveb.2016.05.003
Jay, S. M., Smith, B. P., Windler, S., Dorrian, J., & Ferguson, S. A. (2016). Does suspected sleep disordered breathing impact on the sleep and performance of firefighting volunteers during a simulated fire ground campaign?. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(2), 1-11. doi:10.3390/ijerph13020173
Ferguson, S. A., Smith, B. P., Browne, M., & Rockloff, M. J. (2016). Fatigue in emergency services operations: Assessment of the optimal objective and subjective measures using a simulated wildfire deployment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(2), 171-182. doi:10.3390/ijerph13020171
Smith, B. P., & Dale, A. A. (2016). Integrating animals in the classroom: the attitudes and experiences of Australian school teachers toward animal-assisted interventions for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Pet Behaviour Science, 1, 13-22. doi:10.21071/pbs.v0i1.3994
Trigg, J. L., Thompson, K., Smith, B., & Bennett, P. (2016). A moveable beast: subjective influence of human-animal relationships on risk perception, and risk behaviour during bushfire threat. The Qualitative Report, 21(10), 1881-1903. Retrieved from http://nsuworks.nova.edu/tqr/vol21/iss10/9
Trigg, J., Thompson, K., Smith, B., & Bennett, P. (2016). An animal just like me: The importance of preserving the identities of companion-animal owners in disaster contexts. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 10(1), 26-40. doi:10.1111/spc3.12233
Trigg, J. L., Thompson, K., Smith, B. P., & Bennett, P. (2016). Exploring risk propensity through pet-attachment diversity in natural hazard contexts. Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin, 4(1), 54-81. Retrieved from https://www.apa-hai.org/human-animal-interaction/haib/exploring-risk-propensity/
Smith, B., Flavel, M., & Simpson, B. (2016). Quantification of salivary cortisol from captive dingoes (Canis dingo) in relation to age, sex, and breeding season: implications for captive management. Australian Mammalogy, 38(1), 21-28. doi:10.1071/AM15017
Smith, B., & Vague, A. -L. (2017). The denning behaviour of dingoes (Canis dingo) living in a human-modified environment. Australian Mammalogy, 39(2), 161-168. doi:10.1071/AM16027
Trigg, J., Smith, B., & Thompson, K. (2015). Does emotional closeness to pets motivate their inclusion in bushfire survival plans? : implications for emergency communicators. Australian journal of emergency management., 30(2), 24-30. Retrieved from https://ajem.infoservices.com.au/items/AJEM-30-02-06
Trigg, J., Thompson, K., Smith, B., & Bennett, P. (2015). Engaging pet owners in disaster risk and preparedness communications : simplifying complex human–animal relations with archetypes. Environmental hazards., 14(3), 236-251. doi:10.1080/17477891.2015.1047731
Every, D., Smith, K., Smith, B., Trigg, J., & Thompson, K. (2015). How can a donkey fly on the plane? : the benefits and limits of animal therapy with refugees. Clinical psychologist., (2015), 1-10. doi:10.1111/cp.12071
Smith, B., Taylor, M., & Thompson, K. (2015). Risk perception, preparedness and response of livestock producers to bushfires : a South Australian case study. Australian journal of emergency management., 30(2), 38-42. Retrieved from https://ajem.infoservices.com.au/items/ajem-30-02-08
Taylor, M., McCarthy, M., Burns, P., Thompson, K., Smith, B., & Eustace, G. (2015). The challenges of managing animals and their owners in disasters : perspectives of Australian response organisations and stakeholders. Australian journal of emergency management., 30(2), 31-37. Retrieved from https://ajem.infoservices.com.au/items/ajem-30-02-07
Cvirn, M. A., Dorrian, J., Smith, B. P., Jay, S. M., Vincent, G. E., & Ferguson, S. A. (2017). The sleep architecture of Australian volunteer firefighters during a multi-day simulated wildfire suppression: Impact of sleep restriction and temperature. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 99(Part B), 389-394. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2015.11.013
Thompson, K., O'Dwyer, L., Sharp, A., Smith, B., Reynolds, C., Hadley, T., & Hazel, S. (2015). What’s in a dog’s breakfast? : Considering the social, veterinary and environmental implications of feeding food scraps to pets using three Australian surveys. Sustainability., 7(6), 7195-7213. doi:10.3390/su7067195
Smith, B., Thompson, K., & Taylor, M. (2015). What’s the big deal? : Responder experiences of large animal rescue in Australia. PLoS currents : disasters., (2015), 1-11. doi:10.1371/currents.dis.71d34082943fa239dbfbf9597232c8a5
Allison, S., Roeger, L., Smith, B., & Isherwood, L. (2014). Family histories of school bullying : implications for parent-child psychotherapy. Australasian psychiatry., 22(2), 1-5. doi:10.1177/1039856214520791
Smith, B. (2014). Living with wild dogs : personality dimensions in captive dingoes (Canis dingo) and implications for ownership. Anthrozoos., 27(3), 423-433. doi:10.2752/175303714X14023922797869
Thompson, K., Every, D., Rainbird, S., Cornell, V., Smith, B., & Trigg, J. (2014). No pet or their person left behind : increasing the disaster resilience of vulnerable groups through animal attachment, activities and networks. Animals., 4(2), 214-240. doi:10.3390/ani4020214
Thompson, K., & Smith, B. (2014). Should we let sleeping dogs lie… with us? : Synthesizing the literature and setting the agenda for research on human-animal co-sleeping practices. Humanimalia., 6(1), 114-127. Retrieved from http://www.depauw.edu/humanimalia/issue%2011/thompson-smith.html/
Smith, B., Thompson, K., Clarkson, L., & Dawson, D. (2014). The prevalence and implications of human–animal co-sleeping in an Australian sample. Anthrozoos : a multidisciplinary journal of the interactions of people & animals., 27(4), 543-551. doi:10.2752/089279314X14072268687880
Smith, B., & Litchfield, C. (2013). Looking back at ‘looking back’ : operationalising referential gaze for dingoes in an unsolvable task. Animal cognition., 16(6), 961-971. doi:10.1007/s10071-013-0629-8
Appleby, R., Smith, B., & Jones, D. (2013). Observations of a free-ranging adult female dingo (Canis dingo) and littermates’ responses to the death of a pup. Behavioural processes., 96, 42-46. doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2013.02.016
Lord, K., Feinstein, M., Smith, B., & Coppinger, R. (2013). Variation in reproductive traits of members of the genus Canis with special attention to the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). Behavioural processes., 92, 131-142. doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2012.10.009
Smith, B., Appleby, R., & Litchfield, C. (2012). Spontaneous tool-use : an observation of a dingo (Canis dingo) using a table to access an out-of-reach food reward. Behavioural processes., 89(3), 219-224. doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2011.11.004
Smith, B. (2012). The 'pet effect' : health related aspects of companion animal ownership. Australian family physician., 41(6), 439-442.
Smith, B., & Litchfield, C. (2010). An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions (Neophoca cinerea). Journal of applied animal welfare science., 13(2), 103-122. doi:10.1080/10888700903371863
Smith, B., & Litchfield, C. (2010). Dingoes (Canis dingo) can use human social cues to locate hidden food. Animal cognition., 13(2), 367-376. doi:10.1007/s10071-009-0287-z
Roeger, L., Reed, R., & Smith, B. (2010). Equity of access in the spatial distribution of GPs within an Australian metropolitan city. Australian Journal of Primary Health, 16(4), 284-290.
Smith, B., & Litchfield, C. (2010). How well do dingoes, Canis dingo, perform on the detour task?. Animal behaviour., 80, 155-162. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2010.04.017
Appleby, R. G., & Smith, B. P. (2018). Do wild canids kill for fun?. In N. Carr, & J. Young (Eds.), Wild animals and leisure: Rights and wellbeing (pp. 181-209). Abingdon, UK: Routledge. Retrieved from https://www.routledge.com/
Taylor, M., Eustace, G., Smith, B., Thompson, K., Westcott, R., & Burns, P. (2015). Managing animals in disasters (MAID) : the experiences of emergency services personnel in supporting animals and their owners in disasters. In Proceedings of the research forum at the bushfire and natural hazards CRC & AFAC conference, Wellington, 2 September 2014. (pp. 1-13). East Melbourne, Vic: Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC.
Armstrong, T., Cvirn, M., Ferguson, S., Christoforou, T., & Smith, B. (2013). Can Australian bush fire fighters accurately self-monitor their cognitive performance during a 3-day simulated fire-ground campaign?. In Sleep, performance & well-being in adults & adolecents, The Clock Strikes Ten, 10th Annual Meeting, Australasian Chronobiology Society, Adelaide, September 13th 2013 (pp. 18-23). Adelaide, Australia: Australasian Chronobiology Society.
Christoforou, T., Cvirn, M., Ferguson, S., Armstrong, T., & Smith, B. (2013). The effect of sleep restriction and exposure to physical activity on the cognitive ability of volunteer firefighters across a 3-day simulated fire-ground tour. In Sleep, performance & well-being in adults & adolecents, The Clock Strikes Ten, 10th Annual Meeting, Australasian Chronobiology Society, Adelaide, September 13th 2013 (pp. 13-17). Adelaide, Australia: Australasian Chronobiology Society.
Smith, B. (Ed.) (2015). The Dingo debate: Origins, behaviour and conservation. Clayton South, Vic.: CSIRO Publishing. Retrieved from http://www.publish.csiro.au/book/7138/#sthash.iVaB6CeT.dpuf